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101 Came to New England with her Uncle Samuel Hinckley, his wife and four daughters in 1635. HINCKLEY, Elizabeth (I878)
102 Children:

1. Judith MACOMBER b: 10 MAY 1786 in Westport,Massachusettes
2. William MACOMBER b: 18 FEB 1788 in Westport,Massachusettes
3. Susanna MACOMBER b: 14 APR 1789 in Westport,Massachusettes
4. Mercy MACOMBER b: 14 APR 1791 in Westport,Westport Co,Massachusettes
5. Paul Coffin MACOMBER b: 8 JUL 1793 in Westport,Massachusettes
6. Joshua MACOMBER b: 2 MAR 1795 in Westport,Massachusettes
7. Abiel MACOMBER b: 24 DEC 1797 in Westport,Massachusettes
8. Lydia MACOMBER b: 6 APR 1801 in Westport,Massachusettes
9. Pardon MACOMBER b: 5 MAY 1803 in Westport,Massachusettes

MACOMBER, Pardon (I735)
103 Children:


1. Isaac FISH b: 27 FEB 1726/27 in Portsmouth Township, Newport County, Rhode Island
2. William FISH b: 24 JUL 1728 in Portsmouth Township, Newport County, Rhode Island
3. Robert FISH b: 28 DEC 1731 in Portsmouth Township, Newport County, Rhode Island
4. Michael FISH b: 1737 in Portsmouth Township, Newport County, Rhode Island
5. Martha FISH b: 4 DEC 1740 in Portsmouth Township, Newport County, Rhode Island
6. Ruth FISH b: 2 MAR 1740/41
7. Jonathan FISH b: ABT. 1748 in Portsmouth Township, Newport County, Rhode Island 
FISH, Jonathan (I777)
104 Children:
1. Deborah Coffin b: 1764 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
2. Urial Coffin b: 1766 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
3. Eliphalet Coffin b: 1768 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
4. Latham Coffin b: 1770 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
5. Lydia Coffin b: 1773 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
6. Judith Coffin b: 1775 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
7. Abigail Coffin b: 1777 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
8. Susanna Coffin b: 1782 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
9. Paul Coffin b: 1780 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA
10. Peleg Coffin b: 1786 in Nantucket, Nantucket, MA


Marsh-Burnap-Coffin Genealogies: Paul was a Quaker and had to leave Nantucket before the Rev. War, due to religious persecution by the British, who destroyed his whaling industry. his ship was chased in Long Island Sound by a privateer. He escaped by sailing up the Hudson R. and settled later in the town of Washington, Dutchess Co 
COFFIN, Paul (I765)
105 Children:

1. Thurston FISH
2. Phillip FISH
3. Ebenezer FISH
4. Gerothman FISH b: 1771 in Rhode Island
5. Phoebe FISH b: ABT. 1773 in Trenton, Oneida, New York
6. John FISH b: 1782 in Trenton, Oneida, New York
7. Perry FISH b: ABT. 1784 in Trenton, Oneida, New York
8. Pardon FISH b: ABT. 1786 in Trenton, Oneida, New York
9. Ellery FISH b: 29 AUG 1790 in Vermont 
FISH, Jonathan (I775)
106 Chloe married a second time to James Deakins February 10, 1831 (which JAMES DEAKINS?)James Deakins married to Chloe Martin bought items in Henry Martin's Estate Wash. Co Tenn. Probate rec. p437. So did John Jones, Caleb Martin, John C. Martin among others, so he was known to the family.

BOSWELL, Chloe Ann (I710)
107 Copied from Joseph Hartman?s bible, owned by Mrs. Mary Conley, near Jonesboro, Tenn, Sept, 1907 by Lina Hartman Sturgis. Source (S206)
108 Cyrus Cressey Sturgis (Deceased)
Occupation: educator.
Born: Pendleton, Ore., Apr. 2, 1891.
Son of Samuel Paine and Angeline (Hartman) S.; B.S., U. Wash., 1913; M.D., Johns Hopkins, 1917; married Una Smith, June 25, 1913; children?Cyrus Cressey, Samuel Paine, William Smith. Med. house officer Peter Bent Brignam Hosp., 1917, asst. resident physician, 1919-20, resident physician, 1920-22, physician, 1925-27; teaching fellow in medicine Harvard, 1922-25, asst. prof. medicine, 1925-27; asso. phys. Collis P. Huntington Meml. Hosp., 1925-26; physician Peter Bent Brigham Hosp., 1925-27; prof. medicine, U. Mich., 1927?; dir. Thomas Henry Simpson Meml. Inst. Med. Research, 1927-56; chmn. dept. internal medicine U. Hosp., 1928-56. Mastership, A.C.P., 1957. Mem. A.M.A., A.C.P. (regent, past pres.), Assn. Am. Physicians, Interstate Postgrad. Med. Assn. N.A. (pres. 1952), Am. Soc. Clin. Investigation, Central Soc. Clin. Investigation, Am. Clin. and Climatol. Assn. Democrat. Episcopalian. Mason. Clubs: Research, Scientific Contbr. to med. jours.
Home: 1316 Beechwood Dr.
Address: Simpson Meml. Inst., Ann Arbor, Mich
Died May 27, 1966; buried Mountain View Cemetery, Walla Walla, Wash.
STURGIS, Dr. Cyrus Cressey (I405)
109 Date and location from:

CRESSEY, Lieutenant Daniel (I559)
110 Date from Hartman Bible. MARTIN, Elizabeth (I438)
111 Date is date of marriage license. Family F110
112 Date of probate of the Will of Samuel Sturgis. STURGIS, Samuel (I455)
113 Day of the month was "10", but month was not recorded. Family F176
114 Dea. John Cressey was b. at ``Royal Side,'' Salem, now Beverly, Mass., in August, 1659. His mother d. leaving him an infant and he was brought up by his grandfather Batchelder. At his grandfather's death he chose in court his uncle, Joseph Batchelder, to be his guardian in 1675, when he was 16. His father d. in 1670 and left him 6 acres of land along ``Royal Neck'' and ?5 English money. When a young man he bought several lots of land and probably owned 100 acres, including the property he bought in 1709, which appears to have been the home of his boyhood, which runs through the golf grounds, and has been owned by descendants for more than 200 years. His trade was a weaver and tailor. In manhood Dea. Cressey became a prominent and influential director in the political and religious activities of the community. He was a charter member and first deacon of the Second Church in Beverly. The meetinghouse was built in 1714 and stands today, 1935. The church was organized in 1715 with 15 members, all men. Rev. John Chipman was first pastor. His name is found among the trustees of the land set apart for the erection of the first schoolhouse at ``Royal Side'' in 1692, which was located on Conant Street. He m. in 1685 Sarah, dau. of John and Mary (Treadwell) Gaines of Ipswich. He d. in 1735. She d. in 1751; buried at North Beverly. CRESSEY, Deacon John (I561)
115 Deacon John CRESSEY was born in Aug 1659 in Royal Side of Cape Ann (now Beverly), Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was born in what is now Beverly, Essex, MA. John's mother died giving birth to John when she was only 19. Rather than raise John himself, his father Mighill moved to Ipswich within a year and remarried. He resided John Jr. was raised by his grandfather, John Batchelder and his brother Joseph. between Aug 1659 and 1675 in Beverly, Essex, MA.He received 6 acres along Royal Neck and 5 pounds when his father died. in 1670 in Beverly, Essex, MA. He appeared in court in 1675 in Beverly, Essex, MA. In this year, at age 16, John chose his uncle, Joseph Batchelder, to be his legal guardian. Prior to 1675, John had been raised by his grandfather since soon after his birth which caused the death of his mother. He became a member Second Church in 1715 in Beverly, Essex, MA. John was a charter member (one of only 15) and the church's first Deacon. The church, built in 1714, was still standing in 1935. He signed a will on 12 Jun 1734 in Beverly, Essex, MA. He died on 22 Jul 1735 in Beverly, Essex, MA. He was a weaver and tailor in Beverly, Essex, MA. He was buried in Beverly, Essex, MA. His gravestone is marked with the following epitaph: "Here lyeth the body of Deacon John cresy who died July ye 22nd 1735 In ye 76th year of his age." His father Mighill died in 1670 when John was only 11, leaving him parentless. Mighill left him 6 acres of land when he died. John seemed to do better than his father. by age 40, he had acquired several lot of and, probably over 100 acres, and purchased his boyhood home, which "runs through the gold grounds and has been owned by descendants for more than 200 years." he became "a prominent and influential director of political and religious activities in the community." He was among several trustees who financed the building of the first schoolhouse at Royal Side in 1692. Parents: Mighill CRESSEY and Mary BATCHELDER.

He married to Sarah GAINES in 1685. Children were: Mary CRESSEY, John CRESSEY , Sarah CRESSEY, John CRESSEY , Joseph CRESSEY, Sergeant Daniel CRESSEY Yeoman, Job CRESSEY, Benjamin CRESSEY, Hannah CRESSEY, Abigail CRESSEY, Noah CRESSEY.

CRESSEY, Deacon John (I561)
116 Edward Sturgis Descendants: "There is an entry in the records of the Town of Yarmouth in October 1695 to the effect that Mr. Edward Sturgis of that town had died in Sandwich, which was 55 years after his first election as Constable of Yarmouth."

Yarmouth Town Records: "Edward Sturgis: senior of yarmouth died upon the ___ of October: 1695: died in Sandwich: and buried in yarmouth:" (Vol. 3, p. 21) 
STURGIS, Edward Sr. (I875)
117 Father born Quebec, Mother born England BOCKUS, Emily Jane (I546)
118 Father born: England, Mother born: England. DANIELS, Mary Ann (I1533)
119 Father born: Ireland, Mother born: Quebec LITTLE, Andrew John (I545)
120 Father born: USA, Mother born Quebec. BOCKUS, Daniel (I1534)
121 From 1880 census:

William Fish, a.68 Laborer. bp:NY Father's bp:RI Mother's bp:MA

Berentha Fish, a.57 Keeping house. bp:NY Father's bp:NY Mother's bp:NY

Stella Fish, dau. a.16 School girl. bp:CAN

Addie Dill, dau. (Widow) a.28 bp:CAN

Henrietta Dill, granddau. a.7 bp: MO Father's bp: MO Mother's bp: CAN

Shelbina, Shelby County, Missouri.

FISH, William Riley (I429)
122 From 1881 Canadian census:
Andru J. Little Irish a.31 bp:Ontario Blacksmith BC Methodist
Emely I. Little a.27 bp:Ontario
Edger Little a.8 bp:Ontario
Burty Little a.5 bp:Ontario
Mineta Little a.2 bp:Ontario
Nelson A. Little a.<1 bp:Ontario
Lissie Campeau a.16 bp:USA
Windsor, Essex, Ontario 
LITTLE, Andrew John (I545)
123 From copy of handwritten marriage record. Family F63
124 From Ed Fitzgibbon: "According to E. L. Smith, his grandfather James was an Irish Catholic who came to America as a crew member on a ship from England. He deserted in New York with another fellow and made his way to Tennessee by hiding in the daytime and walking at night. He took up land which was the family home in Monroe County (Jalapa) for many years. James was a fine woodworker who made beautiful furniture. He was killed felling a cherry tree to obtain wood for that purpose. SMITH, James (I439)
125 From Nantucket VR: "Came to New England in 1642 with five children' (Peter, Tristram, Elizabeth, James, John) [See also Haverill and Newbury Vital Records], 'of Haverill, Mass., Nov. 15 1642; removed to Newbury abt. 1648; thence to Salisbury, in 1664 or 1665; removed to Nantucket in 1660." COFFIN, Tristram (I818)
126 From Nantucket VR: "First of Nantucket, Came in 1666 from Salem." GARDNER, Richard I (I839)
127 From Nantucket VR: "In the early part of ... 1659... came ... from Salisbury... with his wife and family, accompanied by Edward Starbuck, James Coffin & Issac Coleman ... to Nantucket." MACY, Thomas (I837)
128 From The Great Migration Begins:

ORIGIN: Unknown
REMOVES: Salem 1626
OCCUPATION: Innkeeper (Thomas Gardner, Sr., was repeatedly licensed during the 1660s to retail strong drink, but in June 1667 the license was amended to allow him to sell only to "strangers" and not to townsmen [ EQC 3:339, 431, 4:36, 37, 161, 269, 397]).
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: In list of Salem church members compiled in late 1636 [ SChR 5].
FREEMAN: 17 May 1637 [ MBCR 1:373].
EDUCATION: Signed his name to several petitions and inventories.
OFFICES: Deputy for Salem to the General Court, 26 September 1637 [ MBCR 1:204].
Essex grand jury, 25 February 1641, 27 January 1643/4, July 1644 [ STR 1:120; EQC 1:33, 57, 62]. Petit jury, failed to appear and fined 29 June 1641 [ EQC 1:26]; appeared 27 January 1642/3, 28 January 1646, 28 January 1647/8, 26 January 1648/9, 26 June 1649, 24 June 1651 (foreman), 29 June 1652, 28 June 1653, 6 March 1653/4, 13 June 1655, 27 November 1655, 30 June 1657, 29 June 1658 [ STR 1:104, 146, 184, 186, 202, 216; EQC 1:44, 129, 153, 169, 229, 254, 283, 326, 408, 2:42, 71]. Jury, 27 August 1636, 27 June 1637 (foreman), 27 September 1639, 29 January 1640[/1] [ EQC 1:3, 6, 12, 24]. Coroner's jury on Ralph Elwood, August 1644 [ EQC 1:71].
Salem selectman, 1635, 1637, 1642-6, 1650, 1655-6 [ STR 1:13, 50, 113, 121, 128, 136, 143, 164, 182, 190]. Salem constable, 1639 [ STR 1:88]. Salem fenceviewer, 1636 [ STR 1:41]. Overseer or surveyor for Salem highways 1637/8, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1649, 1655-8 [ STR 1:67, 90, 117, 124, 158, 189, 191, 214]. Salem rater, 1639/40 [ STR 1:97].
ESTATE: In the 1636 Salem grants Thomas Gardner had one hundred acres in the freeman's land [ STR 1:20]. He was granted one acre of marsh on 25 December 1637, with a household of seven [ STR 1:103].
He received a special grant by warrant, of one hundred acres in 1636 [ STR 1:37]. When George Ingersoll received a ten acre lot, it was land formerly of Mr. Gardner's and others, which they had resigned to the town in favor of other land in March 1638/9 [ STR 1:82]. Thomas Gardner was granted on 15 May 1639 a bank of upland near Strongwater Brook, paying 5s. an acre [ STR 1:88]. He was granted half a three-quarter acre lot with Obadiah Homes, on land near the gate leading to the old mill, 20 March 1642/3 [ STR 1:117]. He was granted ten acres in Salem for a house near the old mill, 8 February 1643/4 [ STR 1:123]. "Mr. Gardner" was granted one acre of meadow on the north side of his farm, 31 August 1649 [ STR 1:159]. "Mr. Gardner requested for himself and those that now do or hereafter shall live at those ten acre lots end or side that they may have the common land granted to them that lies at the foot of Mr. Read's hill to lie as common for their joint use; this request is granted," 27 April 1654 [ STR 1:176].
On 6 December 1671 Thomas Gardner of Salem, husbandman, sold to "Josiah Sothwick," for a valuable consideration received thirteen years earlier, two acres in the North Field of Salem [ ELR 4:85].
The will of "Thomas Gardner of Salem" was written 7 December 1668 and proved 29 March 1675 by witnesses Robert Pease and Samuel Goldthwaite [ EQC 6:31]. "Weighing the uncertainty of man's life, I do therefore in the time of my health, make this my last will" giving to "my wife Damaris" all the estate she brought with her "according to our agreement" and ?8 a year paid by my six sons provided she give up her dower in my housing and lands; to "my daughter Sara Balch" ?15; to "my daughter Seeth Grafton" ?15; to "my daughter Mirian [sic] Hills two daughters, Miriam Hill, & Susanna Hill," to each of them ?5 at age eight~een or marriage; to "my sons George and John Gardner" salt meadow valued at ?20; to "my sons Samuel and Joseph Gardner" the other part of my salt meadow; residue divided in seven equal parts, two parts to my son Thomas, he paying "his mother in law forty six shillings by the year," the other sons to receive one part each and pay their mother-in-law twenty-three shillings a year; sons George and Samuel Gardner executors; "my loving friends Mr. Joseph Grafton and Deacon Horne" overseers [ EPR 2:423-24].
The inventory of the estate of "Mr. Thomas Gardner, taken 4:11m:1674" by Hilliard Veren, Sr. and John Pickering totalled ?274 16s., including real estate valued at ?201: "an old dwelling house with about 10 acres of land adjoining with the orchard, fences &c.," ?31; ten acres of ground in the Northfield, ?27; about 100 acres of upland and meadow, ?100; about 20 acres of land lying in the woods, ?3; and about 2 3/4 acres of salt marsh lying above the mill," ?40. The inventory also included "2 old barrels of guns" valued at 5s. [ EPR 2:424-5].
Following Thomas Gardner's probate, at the November 1677 term of Essex court his sons George ("now of Hartford, Connecticut") and Samuel sued John Pudney of Salem, husbandman, over a farm let to Pudney by lease dated 1 March 1672[/3] and described as Gardner's
now dwelling house in Salem, with all his land in Northfield, about 20 acres, also his 10 acres of meadow ... for seven years from Apr. 15, 1672 at ?11 per year, and two barrels of cider, said Gardner furnishing the cask, of which ?4 were to be paid in wood at 8s. per cord, 40s. in butter and cheese, with one firkin of butter, 40s. in pork, and the remainder in corn. Said Pudney was not to remove any muck, and Gardner reserved the right to take the meadow near Needham's if he so desired [ EQC 5:356].
On 2 September 1678 Lt. George Gardner, late of Salem & now of Hartford, merchant, and Samuel Gardner of Salem, mariner, joint executors of the last will of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased, sold to John Swinnerton of Salem, physician, "all that part of the estate that said Gardner died possessed of and which the said executors have power to sell," including a dwelling house and ten acres in the North Field, another ten acres in the North Field, about an acre of upland by the Strongwater Brook, a farm containing one hundred acres of upland and meadow, and twenty acres of upland and meadow [ ELR 5:3].
BIRTH: About 1592 (deposed aged about sixty-nine 26 November 1661 [ EQC 2:320]).
DEATH: Salem 29 December 1674, "husband of Damaris."
MARRIAGE: (1) By about 1614 _____ _____; she probably died in Salem in 1636, perhaps at the birth of youngest child Seeth (see COMMENTS below).
(2) (prob.) By 1639 Margaret _____, who joined the church at Salem 24 March 1639/40 [ SChR 8]. (See TAG 30:156 for discussion of claims she was Margaret Friar.)
(3) Damaris (_____) Shattuck. She was the "widow Shattock" when she joined the Salem Church 2 July 1641 [ SChR 11]; she died Salem 28 November 1674, one month before her husband. (See TAG 30:165-68 for discussion of this woman and her many connections to the Pope and Gardner families.)
With first wife

i THOMAS, b. say 1614 (adult 1637 when he received a grant from Salem [ STR 1:52]; eldest son with a double share in his father's will); m. (1) by 1643 _____ Hapscott[?] [ TAG 26:108, 30:157-58]; m. (2) by an unknown date Elizabeth Horne, daughter of JOHN HORNE [ TAG 26:108, 30:158-99].

ii GEORGE, b. say 1616 (adult when "bretherin" Thomas and George Gardiner were given ten acres in Salem 8 November 1637 [ STR 1:59]); made free 27 December 1642 [ EQC 1:48]); m. (1) by 1644 Hannah _____; m. (2) by 1654 Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner, bp. Horncastle, Lincolnshire, 17 October 1619, daughter of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Freestone, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston; m. (3) after 1663 (inventory of her previous husband [ Manwaring 1:242]) Elizabeth (Allen) Stone, widow of Rev. SAMUEL STONE . (For the identity of these three wives we follow the work of George E. McCracken [ TAG 30:158-66].)

iii JOHN, b. about 1624 (d. Nantucket 6 July 1706, aged 82 years); m. 20 February 1653/4 Priscilla Grafton [ NanVR , citing "William C. Folger genealogical records in the possession of the Nantucket Historical Association"; this marriage probably took place in Salem].

iv SARAH, b. about 1627; m. about 1650 as his first of three wives Benjamin Balch, son of JOHN BALCH .

v SAMUEL, b. about 1629 (deposed June Term, 1680, aged "about fifty years" [ EQC 7:389]); m. (1) before 1658 (eldest child b. Salem 5 August 1658) Mary White, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Herbert) White [ NEHGR 150:193-95]; m. (2) Salem 2 August 1680 Elizabeth _____ Paine.

vi JOSEPH, b. about 1630 (about 16 in 1645/6 when he is anticipated in the train band [ EQC 1:92]; near adult in 1649 [ STR 1:157]); m. Ann Downing, daughter of Emmanuel Downing. She m. (2) 6 June 1676 SIMON BRADSTREET [ Hale, House 518].

vii RICHARD, b. about 1632 (d. Nantucket 1724, aged 92); m. about 1652 Sarah Shattuck, daughter of his stepmother Damaris (_____) (Shattuck) Gardner [ TAG 30:168].

viii MIRIAM, b. about 1635; m. by 1657 as his first wife John Hill. He m. (2) Salem 26 August 1664 Lydia Buffum.

ix SEETH, bp. Salem 25 December 1636 [ SChR 16]; m. (1) Joshua Conant, son of ROGER CONANT [ TAG 30:156-57]; m. (2) 1 December 1659 John Grafton, son of Joseph Grafton.

ASSOCIATIONS: Banks states without authority that Gardner might have come from Hurst, Martock parish, Somersetshire [ Topo Dict 143], and other origins have been claimed. An origin in the West County for Thomas Gardner is certain, but the name is common and none of the suggestions made to date has a firm foundation.
George McCracken suggested that the unusual given name of the Gardner's last child, Seeth, was an indication that in previous generations there had been a marriage to someone with that surname [ TAG 30:157].
Both McCracken and Moriarty take the question of the connection between the Gardners and the Popes to task, but admit that the "relationship of the Pope and Gardner and Shattuck families is certain; the mode not yet plain" [ TAG 30:164-6].
In the painful June 1677 tangle over the burial of John Pudney's child on Mr. Gardner's hill, Pudney appealed a judgment of Major Hathorne's, mentioning the "kinship of Major Hathorne and said [Samuel] Gardner" [ EQC 6:284]. This was probably a reference to the recent marriage of the Major's son to Samuel's daughter, and not an ancestral clue.
COMMENTS: "Mr. John Tylly and Mr. Thomas Gardener were employed as overseers of that whole business [of the plantation at Cape Anne]; the first with reference to the fishing, the other with respect to the planting on the main land, at least for one year's time" [ Young's First Planters 23].
In the Salem land grant of 1637 Thomas Gardner received acreage for a household of seven. His sons Thomas and George were already old enough to receive grants of their own and be considered separate households. Seven younger children of Thomas Sr. were still under age and presumably residing at home, which would make a household of eight. One or more of the children could have been serving in another family, but this accounting raises the possibility that Thomas did not have a wife living in 1637. This hypothesis is supported by the admission to church membership of a Margaret Gardner on 24 March 1639/40; had she been with Thomas Gardner since his arrival in New England, we would expect that she would appear in the list of church members compiled in late 1636 at the reorganization of the church. Consequently, we propose that Thomas Gardner had three wives, the first of them of unknown name, who died at the birth of the youngest child, Seeth, whose baptism is one of the first recorded in late 1636.
In the February Term of court 1645/6 "Mr. Thomas Gardener discharged from training when his sixth son comes in" [ EQC 1:92]. Men were required to train from the age of 16 to 60, and this implies that last son Joseph was approaching 16 in 1645/6, placing his date of birth about 1630.
"The wife of Thomas Gardner Sr." was fined for frequent absence from the public ordinances on Lord's days, along with a number of other Quakers, November Term 1660 [ EQC 2:265]. This was merely the beginning of a long string of such fines and official harassment that eventually convinced several of the sons to move with their families away from Salem. Thomas Gardner Sr. is never named as having absented himself from public worship, and history is silent on his opinion of the matter.
When John Pudney's child died in 1677, he went with others to "Mr. Gardner's Hill," took down some fence bars, and dug a grave. Samuel Gardner came on horseback and ordered them off his land. Gardner had the grave filled in, but Pudney came back and succeeded in burying his child. The resulting suit at the June Term 1677 was appealed all the way to the Court of Assistants, which, after a jury trial, found for Pudney [ RCA 1:110]. The case produced a deposition by William Trask, who said
that for these twenty-seven or twenty-eight years the land where John Pudney buried his child had been a usual burying place for so many as would make use of it for that purpose and he never heard that old Mr. Gardiner hindered any from burying their dead there, but he said at several funerals, `friends and neighbors, do not bury your dead by such a young tree for I do desire to be buried there myself.' According to deponent's knowledge, said Gardiner was buried there himself, and the draw bars that Pudney was sued for taking down stood on the town's land several feet, Mr. Gardiner having removed them several feet about five years since into the town's land. He further testified that for twenty-eight years the inhabitants of the town, as long as there were any great trees upon the land, cut the trees and carried away the timber without any molestation, and all the neighbors looked upon it as common land [ EQC 6:284].
Thomas Gardner paid John Pickering six pounds for some indeterminate service either to the town or to himself in March of 1638/9 [ STR 1:84]. Thomas Gardner's bull was set out to stud in the town herd in 1640 for a fee of 20s. [ STR 1:99]. Gardner was chosen one of the commissioners to calculate damage done by cattle in Richard Ingersoll's lot 12 July 1642 [ EQC 1:42]. Gardner was one of those who was to receive the corn for John Moore in 1643 [ STR 1:120]. Mr. Gardner's new building is mentioned in the Salem town minutes of 30 7mo 1644 [ STR 1:133].
Thomas Gardner was one of the seven influential men who advanced Hilliard Veren as the new clerk of courts, when "he that was last chosen thereunto is now removed to the eastward" [June Term, 1658, EQC 2:102].
Thomas Gardner Sr. took the inventory of William Bacon 26 September 1653 and provided the same service for Bacon's widow, Rebecca Bacon, two years later [ EQC 1:323, 413]. He proved the will of Thomas Trussler at the June Term, 1654 and took his inventory 5 June 1654 [ EQC 1:356-7]. He took the inventory of Henry Bullock, Jr., 10 January 1656 [ EQC 2:49]. He was appointed administrator of the New England estate of his son-in-law Joshua Conant, who died intestate in England [ EQC 2:190-1, November Term, 1659; 2:217]. With William Robinson, Thomas Gardner testified that John and Daniel Southwick had settled the division of their father Lawrence's estate [June Term, 1660, EQC 2:217]. Gardner also took the inventory of Lawrence Southwick's estate [November Term, 1660, EQC 2:263]. He took the inventory of William Cantlebury of Salem 25 June 1663, and probably was the Thomas Gardner who took the inventory of Ralph Tompkins of Salem 12 November 1666 [ EQC 3:83, 379]. 
GARDNER, Thomas (I1457)
129 From: The Great Migration Begins

ORIGIN: Unknown (but see COMMENTS)
MIGRATION: 1623 on the Anne
REMOVES: Eastham by 1645
OCCUPATION: Innkeeper ("Liberty is granted unto Edward Bangs to draw and sell wine and strong waters at Eastham, provided it be for the refreshment of the English, and not to be sold to the Indians," 6 October 1657 [ PCR 3:123]; an account of liquor brought into Eastham dated 28 November 1664 included "Edward Bangs, six gallons of liquor" [ PCR 4:100]).
FREEMAN: In "1633" Plymouth list of freemen in proximity to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [ PCR 1:4]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [ PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of list of 1639, annotated as gone and added to list for Eastham [ PCR 8:174, 177]. In Eastham portion of list possibly dated to 1658 [ PCR 8:201]. In Eastham list of 29 May 1670 [ PCR 5:278].
EDUCATION: Signed his will and several deeds.
OFFICES: Deputy to Plymouth Court for Eastham, 7 June 1652 [ PCR 3:9]; Plymouth grand jury, 7 March 1636/7, 5 June 1638, 2 June 1640, 1 March 1641/2, 7 June 1652 [ PCR 1:54, 87, 155; 2:34; 3:9]; Plymouth petit jury, 4 October 1636, 3 January 1636/7, 3 September 1639, 3 December 1639, 3 March 1639/40, 3 August 1641, 6 September 1641, 7 December 1641, 1 March 1641/2, 6 June 1643, 7 November 1643 [ PCR 1:44, 7:4, 13, 14, 16, 22, 23, 25, 28, 35, 36]; committee to lay out land, 3 January 1627/8, 1 February 1640/1 [ PCR 12:14, 2:7]; committee to divide meadow, 1 July 1633 [ PCR 1:14]; committee to assess taxes, 5 January 1634/5, 1 March 1635/6 [ PCR 1:33, 38]; Plymouth representative to committee to reunite Plymouth and Duxbury (but he did not serve), 14 March 1635/6 [ PCR 1:41]; committee to allocate hay ground, 20 March 1636/7, 2 October 1637, 1 June 1640 [ PCR 1:55, 67, 153]; committee to lay out highway, 1 February 1640/1, 24 February 1652 [ PCR 2:7, 3:61]; coroner's jury, 30 October 1667 [ PCR 4:169]; Eastham highway surveyor, 1 June 1647, 4 June 1650, 3 June 1651 [ PCR 2:115, 155, 168]; Eastham treasurer, 1646-1665 [ Bangs Gen 11]. In Plymouth section of 1643 list of men able to bear arms [ PCR 8:189].
ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth division of land "Bangs" [no first name] received four acres as a passenger on the Anne in 1623 [ PCR 12:6]. In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle "Edward Banges" was the thirteenth person in the twelfth company [ PCR 12:1].
In the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 Edward Bangs was assessed 12s. [ PCR 1:10, 27]. Included in the undated list of Purchasers [ PCR 2:177].
On 20 March 1636/7 "John Banges" was assigned hay ground at Saggaquash (jointly with Edward Doty) [ PCR 1:56, presumably a simple scribal error]. On 2 November 1640 granted ten acres of meadow in the South Meadows [ PCR 1:166]. On 7 September 1641 "Edward Banges is granted a parcel of fourscore acres of upland about Warren's Wells" [ PCR 2:25]. On 17 October 1642 "Whereas fourscore acres of upland are formerly granted to Edward Banges at Warren's Wells, he now desiring to have some land near his house, it is granted that he shall look out a parcel of land, which upon view shall be laid forth for him, and to be deducted out of the 80 acres he should have at Warren's Wells" [ PCR 2:48].
On 7 September 1643 Joyce Wallen, widow, sold to Edward Bangs of Plymouth for ?8 "all that her house and messuage situate and being at Hobs Hole or Wellingsly with the garden place and uplands thereunto adjoining" [ PCR 12:95]. On 22 June 1651 Edward Bangs of Eastham sold to Samuel Hicks of Plymouth for ?3 10s. "a parcel of marsh meadow lying at the high pines on the Salthouse Beach" [ PCR 12:208-09]. On 22 June 1651 "Edward Banges of the town of Nawsett alias Eastham ... yeoman" sold to "Mannasses Kemton" of Plymouth, yeoman, for ?13 forty acres of upland in Plymouth near Browne's Rock, as well as "all the meadow or marsh that is on the island or spot of land commonly called and known by the name of Sagaquas"; "Rebeckah the wife of the said Edward Banges" consented to this deed [ PCR 12:209].
On 12 November 1666 "Edward Banges and Daniel Cole Sen[io]r of Eastham, yeomen," sold to James Mathews of Yarmouth, yeoman, for ?10 "all the purchase lands that belonged unto and were the lands of Edward Banges and Daniell Cole ... between the two brooks commonly called Bound Brook and Stony Brook ... in Yarmouth" [ PCLR 3:91-92].
On 23 February 1676 Edward Bangs of Eastham for "my tender love and fatherly love unto my natural son Joshua Bangs" deeded him "all that my messuage, dwelling house and housing and lands, both upland and meadowing, lying and being in the township of Eastham," viz: five acres of upland "granted to me by the town for a houselot," with the dwelling house on it; four acres granted to Daniel Cole Sr. for a houselot; three acres granted to George Crispe for a houselot; four acres and half granted to John Jenkins for a houselot; two acres granted to Job Cole; fourteen acres granted to Ralph Smith; three acres "of meadow granted me by the town"; four acres of meadow at Great Blackfish River; one acre of meadow granted to John Jenkins; all of which parcels "appear more at length in the town book of records" [ PCLR 4:134-36].
In his will, dated 19 October 1677 and proved 5 March 1677/8, "Edward Banges, aged 86 years," made son Jonathan sole executor and bequeathed to him "all my purchased land at Namskekett," two acres and a half of meadow, "all my purchase land at Pocomett[?]," an acre and a half of meadow "at a place called the acars," one acre at the harbor's mouth, "a parcel of upland and meadow lying at Rock harbour which I had in exchange of John Done," and "all those things which I have at his house"; to son John "that twenty acres of upland at Pochett that he hath built upon," five acres adjoining to the twenty acres, "that land which I have at Pochett Island," two acres of meadow at Boat Meadow, and three-quarters of an acre at the head of Boat Meadow; to son Joshua "the house that I lived in and all the housing belonging to it," twenty-eight acres of land adjoining, three acres of meadow at Boat Meadow, one acre of meadow at Boat Meadow, four acres of meadow at the head of Blackfish Creek, and fourteen acres of upland at Pochett; to son Jonathan's eldest son Edward Bangs twenty-five acres of upland at Pochett Field, one acre of meadow at Rock Harbor, and "half an acre of meadow lying at Great Namscekett which I bought of Daniell Cole"; to "my daughter Howes, my daughter Higgens, my daughter Done, my daughter Hall, my daughter Merricke, and my daughter Attwood, four pounds apiece at my decease, and I give to my grandchildren, viz: the children of my daughter Rebecka deceased four pounds at my decease" [ PCPR 3:2:106].
BIRTH: About 1591 based on his stated age of eighty-six on 19 October 1677 [ PCPR 3:2:106] (although this may be exaggerated).
DEATH: Eastham between 19 October 1677 (date of will) and 5 March 1677/8 (date of probate).
MARRIAGE: (1) By about 1633 Lydia Hicks, baptized St. Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, 6 September 1612, daughter of ROBERT HICKS [ TAG 51:58]; she apparently died within a year or two.
(2) By about 1635 Rebecca ____; she joined her husband as grantor on a deed of 22 June 1651 [ PCR 12:209].
With first wife

i JOHN, b. say 1634; m. Eastham 23 January 1660[/1] Hannah Smalley [ PCR 8:28; MD 7:17]. (If his deed to George Partridge, recorded in 1657, is correctly dated 21 June 1652, then he was probably born as early as 1631, which would also push back the date on which his father married Lydia Hicks [ MD 12:83-84].)

With second wife

ii REBECCA, b. say 1636; m. Eastham 26 October 1654 Jonathan Sparrow [ PCR 8:15].

iii SARAH, b. say 1638; m. about 1657 Thomas Howes [ MD 6:233].

iv JONATHAN, b. say 1640; m. (1) Eastham 16 July 1664 Mary Mayo [ PCR 8:56]; m. (2) by 1719 Sarah _____; m. (3) Eastham (int.) 23 July 1720 "Mrs. Ruth Young" [ MD 28:111] (widow of John Young and daughter of Daniel Cole).

v LYDIA, b. say 1642; m. Eastham 24 December 1661 Benjamin Higgins [ MD 8:12].

vi HANNAH, b. say 1644; m. Eastham 30 April 1662 John Doane [ MD 8:89].

vii JOSHUA, b. say 1646; m. Eastham 1 December 1669 Hannah Scudder [ PCR 8:58].

viii BETHIA, b. Eastham 28 May 1650 [ PCR 8:15]; m. by 1669 Gershom Hall [Bangs Gen 27-28, reproducing original Barnstable deed of 1 April 1729 in which Samuel Hall, Jonathan Hall and Mary Chess sell land in Eastham "that descended to us by the right & title of our honorable deceased mother Bethiah Hall wife of our honored father Gershom Hall which said right descended to her our said deceased mother from her honored father Edward Bangs deceased our honored grandfather"].

ix MERCY (twin), b. Eastham 15 October 1651 [ PCR 8:15]; m. Eastham 28 December 1670 Steven Merrick [ PCR 8:57].

x APPHIA (twin), b. Eastham 15 October 1651 [ PCR 8:15]; m. (1) Eastham 28 December 1670 John Knowles [ PCR 8:57; NEHGR 79:293-95]; m. (2) by 6 March 1677 Stephen Wood Jr. [ PCR 5:220].

COMMENTS: Mary Walton Ferris argues that the immigrant to Plymouth was the Edward Bangs baptized at Panfield, Essex, on 28 October 1591, but she does not present all the evidence, and the evidence which is printed is not sufficient to prove the origin [ Dawes-Gates 2:61].
How many wives did Edward Bangs have, and when? Since he was granted four acres in the 1623 land division, some have proposed that he brought with him a wife and at least one child, and that they must have died by 1627, when they do not appear in the 1627 cattle division. However, this is not the only possible interpretation of this record: the other three persons with Edward Bangs may have been servants, or the record itself may be erroneous. Thus, pending discoveries in English records, no wife prior to Lydia Hicks is assumed here. (Although if Edward's claimed age is close to correct, he certainly would have been old enough to have a family in 1623.)
Both ROBERT HICKS and his wife MARGARET name in their wills grandson John Bangs. John, the son of Edward Bangs, married in 1660, which would be consistent with a birthdate about 1635, thus making him the eldest child of Edward. On 1 May 1660 "George Watson requested the Court in the behalf of his son, John Watson, and his nephew, John Banges," that the records be altered to reflect Robert Hicks as purchaser at Dartmouth, rather than Samuel Hicks [ PCR 3:186]; George Watson had married a daughter of Robert Hicks, which explains the relationship to John Bangs.
In a deed of 22 June 1651, Edward Bangs is joined by his wife Rebecca in selling land in Plymouth. Thus, she was certainly mother of the twins born later in 1651, and almost certainly mother of all other children except John Bangs. Citing a supposed entry in the Hobart diary, Mary Walton Ferris suggested that Rebecca was daughter of Edmund Hobart of Hingham, but this entry may not have existed, and the identity of Rebecca (_____) Bangs remains unknown [ NEHGR 121:4, 56].
On 8 November 1638 "Edward Banges, of [Plymouth], yeoman," posted bond of ?20 as surety for John Smith of Plymouth, laborer [ PCR 1:103]. On 5 March 1643/4 he was surety for John Smith of Eel River [ PCR 2:69].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: The basic genealogy for this family is Dean Dudley's History and Genealogy of The Bangs Family in America, with Genealogical Tables and Notes (Montrose MA 1896, cited above as Bangs Gen). This volume is basically sound, with complete transcripts of many important documents, including some Barnstable deeds which are probably not otherwise accessible. But there are also the usual idiosyncrasies typical of this author. As an example we are told that "The court at Plymouth granted to Edward Bangs eighty acres of land on condition that he contribute one-sixteenth part toward building a barque of 40 or 50 tons. He is said to have superintended the building of the vessel, being a shipwright by trade" [p. 10]. The Plymouth records state merely that on 23 January 1641/2 Edward Bangs contributed one-sixteenth of the cost of building the bark, and say nothing about any award of land in connection with this contribution [ PCR 2:31]. The grant of land was made at court on 7 September 1641, five months before the contribution [ PCR 2:25]. Beyond this, there is no evidence that he had anything to do with building the bark, or that he was a shipwright. As noted above, he was at times an innkeeper, and was otherwise called yeoman.
Half a century later Mary Walton Ferris did her usual thorough job on Edward Bangs [ Dawes-Gates 2:61-68]. 
BANGS, Edward (I949)
130 From: The Great Migration Begins
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland
MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower
REMOVES: Duxbury
OCCUPATION: Printer (in Leiden). (George Ernest Bowman summarized what was known in 1921 about the books printed by Brewster at Leiden [ MD 23:97-105]. See also R. Breugelmans, "The Pilgrim Press and How Its Books Were Sold," in The Pilgrims in The Netherlands: Recent Research, ed. Jeremy D. Bangs [Leiden 1984], pp. 25-28.)
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620: "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he emigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden" [ Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came: and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [ Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W B," which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons.
FREEMAN: In "1633" Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [ PCR 1:3].
EDUCATION: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 December 1580, but did not graduate [ Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books, with nearly four hundred titles included; "the total of both Latin & English books amounts to the sum of ?42 19s. 11d." [ MD 3:27].
ESTATE: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those] which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [ PCR 12:3].
In the 1623 Plymouth land division Mr. William Brewster received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower, and "Pacience & Fear Brewster" received two acres as passengers on the Anne [ PCR 12:4, 6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster," Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [ PCR 12:10].
Assessed ?1 7s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [ PCR 1:9, 27].
Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [ MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled ?150 7d., with no real estate included [ MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1:53-59].
"Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left only two sons surviving vizt. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear," the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 August 1645 a division was made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except ?4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate," and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father") and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [ MD 3:27-30, citing PCLR 1:198-99; PCR 12:115-17].
BIRTH: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster.
DEATH: Duxbury 10 April 1644 [ MD 1:7].
MARRIAGE: By 1593 Mary _____; she died at Plymouth 17 April 1627 [ MD 1:7]. (See COMMENTS below for discussion of her identity.)
i JONATHAN, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 August 1593 [ MD 1:7]; m. Plymouth 10 April 1624 "Lucretia Oldam of Darby" [ MD 1:8]; she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 January 1600/1, and was sister of JOHN OLDHAM .

ii PATIENCE, b. say 1603; m. Plymouth 5 August 1624 THOMAS PRENCE , "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [ Prince 229], as his first of four wives.

iii FEAR, b. say 1605; m. Plymouth by 1627 ISAAC ALLER~TON [ Bradford 218, 242].

iv LOVE, b. say 1607; m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [ PCR 1:30], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER .

v Child, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [ Dexter 605].

vi WRESTLING, b. say 1611; d. unm. after 1627 and by 1651 [ Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67].

COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling" [ Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find that "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried. His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children; one married who hath a child or two" [ Bradford 444].
The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [ TAG 41:1-5, 63], but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took to be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William BREWSTER of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 from Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984)]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [ DSGRM 48:135-36], to which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [ Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster, remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on various aspects of William Brewster's life which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "`Master Williamson' of the Mayflower " [ NGSQ 62:88-90]; "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [ NEHGR 124:250-56]; "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster?" [ NEHGR 128:288-90].)
A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster. Jacobus in 1936 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [ TAG 12:199-210, 13:8-21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposes a son Edward [ Dawes-Gates 2:151].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [ The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ... , 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [ Dawes-Gates 2:142-56].
The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in 1995 the Brewster volume of its "in progress" series, prepared by Barbara Merrick.
Many biographies of William Brewster have appeared, but mostly of the filiopietistic school; an example from the nineteenth century is that written by Ashbel Steele: Chief of the Pilgrims: or The Life and Time of William Brewster ... (Philadelphia 1857). An exception is Dorothy Brewster, William Brewster of the Mayflower: Portrait of a Pilgrim (New York 1970). 
BREWSTER, William (I587)
131 From: The Great Migration Begins
ORIGIN: Somersetshire
MIGRATION: 1629 on the Lyon's Whelp
REMOVES: Beverly
OCCUPATION: Husbandman.
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Admission to Salem church prior to 25 December 1636 implied by baptism of child on that date; this would be another example of the defects in the earliest Salem list of church members.
FREEMAN: 17 April 1637 [ MBCR 1:373].
EDUCATION: Signed various documents and deeds, 24 June 1654, 11 November 1654 [ EQC 1:359, 379; ELR 3:52, 7:53].
OFFICES: Essex grand jury, 30 December 1645, 30 November 1658, 28 June 1659, 27 November 1666, possibly September 1675 (no Sr.), likewise 27 June 1676 [ EQC 1:89, 2:123, 157, 3:367, 6:73, 145]. Petit jury, 6 July 1647, 29 November 1653 25 November 1656, 24 November 1657, 26 November 1661, 25 November 1662, 24 November 1663, 30 June 1674 [ EQC 1:114, 313, 2:6, 59, 320, 3:6, 102, 5:316]. Jury, 20 October 1653 [ EQC 1:309]. Represented Salem in various lawsuits, 26 June 1649, 28 December 1649 [ EQC 1:170, 183]. Coroner's jury, June Term, 1660 into the death by drowning of William Ellet [ EQC 2:222].
Surveyor or lot layer for Salem: 16 March 1649/50, 20 July 1658 [ STR 1:164; EQC 2:105].
Beverly tythingman, June 1677 [ EQC 6:289].
ESTATE: In the 1636 Salem land division William Dodge received sixty acres "next to John Woodbury" [ STR 1:26]. In the 25 December 1637 division of marsh and meadows "Will[iam] Dodge" received three-quarters of an acre, with a household of five [ STR 1:103].
On 27 October 1644 George Hawkins of Boston, shipwright, as attorney for George "Richesson" of Wapping, sold to William "Dods" two hundred acres at the head of Bass River [ ELR 1:2].
He received an acre in Salem 20 April 1646 [ STR 1:143].
At some point before 18 October 1652, "Guydo Bayley" then of Bass River sold to William Dodge of Bass River, yeoman, a parcel of land for which he received a yellow cow (this deed was retrospectively created by Bayley 14 September 1695 [ ELR 11:19]). On 27 November 1656 William Dodge of Salem sold forty acres of upland, "being part of eighty acres granted to them both," and six acres of meadow to Richard Dodge of Salem [ ELR 1:34].
Both William and his son John were taxed 1s. in the special rate levied by Topsfield in 1667 [ EQC 3:386]. On 28 January 1668[/9] William Dodge Sr. of Beverly on Bass River, husbandman, and Elizabeth his wife, sold to Mr. John Hale, pastor of the church at Beverly, twenty acres of pasture [ ELR 3:52]. On 22 November 1662, John Stone Sr. of Salem, husbandman, sold to William "Dodg" Sr. of Salem, farmer, seven acres in Salem on Bass River [ ELR 3:61]. On 7 June 1664 William Dodge, John Raymond, Roger Conant, Benjamin Balch, and Peter Woodbury of Bass River in Salem gave to Isaac Hull, cooper, "for considerations moving us thereunto" one acre each, totalling five acres near Great Pond [ ELR 3:78]. On 6 June 1667 John Fisk of Chelmsford sold to William Dodge of Salem all his granted land in Salem [ ELR 3:169]. At the request of William Dodge Sr., John Rayment, Sr., and William Rayment, all of Beverly, Brian "Pemelton of Saco" acknowledged that "about the year of one thousand six hundred and fifty three or fifty four" he sold Dodge and the rest a six hundred acre farm "formerly belong[ing] unto Old Mr. Thomas Dudley" and "was honestly paid for it" [ ELR 5:82].
On 12 May 1685, "William Dodge, Senr., of Beverly" made a testamentary deed, giving for "my parental care love & affection" to "my son William Dodge" of Beverly "my house I now dwell in with all other edifices, building, orchards, fences belonging thereto & upon the land about it" being twenty acres, also "my land in the new field with all the rest of my land which adjoineth thereunto," also "my land at the horse bridge being sixty acres more or less," also 'ten acres of meadow lying in the bounds of Topsfield," also "five acres of meadow be it more or less," and also "the pond meadow belonging unto me at Goodman Hull's." This gift was made on the condition that William Sr. could use, occupy or sell any of the properties during his lifetime, and if the elder William improved the land he was to be paid ?30 per year by the younger William, but he need not demand it. William Jr. was also to pay the following legacies as spelled out by William Sr.: to "my daughter Hannah" two cows; to "my granchild John Porter" ?5; and if "my brother --- if he come to New England & dwell in this town I now live in ?5 per annum so long as he here shall dwell" [ ELR 7:53]. William Dodge Sr. acknowledged this deed 13 May 1685.
On 12 May 1685, William Dodge Sr. of Beverly, stating that he had given deeds of gift on the same date to his "two sons" John and William, now proceeded to give to others for whom he has parental love and affection. To "Hannah Woodbery" he gave twelve acres in Beverly, and the "improvement on half my farm at Wenham which I bought of Mr. John Fiske"; to John Porter he gave the reversion of the land left to Hannah Woodberry; if John died without heirs, the land to go to the children of Hannah Woodberry equally divided when they reach 21 or marry; to William Dodge "kinsman my brother's son" sixteen acres of land off the home farm at the south end of Bramble Hill, then to his children and their heirs [ ELR 8:163].
BIRTH: About 1604-1609 (deposed aged about seventy years for April Term 1679 [ EQC 7:181] and aged about seventy-six years at September Term 1680 [ EQC 8:7]).
DEATH: After 12 May 1685 [ ELR 7:53, 8:163].
MARRIAGE: By 1636 Elizabeth ____ (all secondary sources call her Elizabeth, but the record evidence for this is not seen); she died after 1642.
i JOHN, bp. Salem 25 December 1636 ("John, son of William Dody") [ SChR 16]; m. (1) Salem 10 [blank] 1659 Sarah Proctor, daughter of John Proctor; m. (2) Elizabeth (_____) Woodbury, widow of John Woodbury [evidence not seen, but so stated in Dawes-Gates 2:323].

ii WILLIAM, bp. Salem 19 September 1640 [ SChR 18]; m. (1) by 1663 Mary (Conant) Balch, daughter of ROGER CONANT and widow of John Balch, son of JOHN BALCH (eldest child b. Salem 20 March 1663/4; William Dodge's wife was executrix of the estate of John Balch in September 1665 [ EQC 3:273]); m. (2) Charlestown 26 May 1685 Joanna (Hale) Larkin [ ChVR 127 (also recorded Beverly)], daughter of ROBERT HALE and widow of John Larkin [ Wyman 452, 599]; m. (3) Marblehead 27 October 1698 Mary Creatty (recorded Beverly).

iii HANNAH, bp. Salem 24 July 1642 [ SChR 19]; m. (1) Samuel Porter (who makes "my father-in-law Wm Dodge" one of the overseers of his 10 February 1658[/9] will [ EPR 1:306, 3:43]); m. (2) Salem 2 December 1661 Thomas Woodbury.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Dodge, Sr., of Beverly named "my brother William Dodge Sr." one of the overseers of his 14 November 1670 will [ EQC 4:405]. There was another Dodge brother still in England at the time of William's 1685 testamentary deed, but we do not see if he truly came. These two brothers are said to be sons of John and Margery (_____) Dodge of Middlechinnock, Somersetshire [ Dawes-Gates 2:315, 319]. There was a third brother, Michael, who did not come to New England, but whose son William did [Dodge Gen 13; Dawes-Gates 2:319].
COMMENTS: In the 28 May 1629 letter from the Governor and Deputy of the Massachusetts Bay Company in London to John Endicott and his council in New England is a request from "Mr. Whyte, the minster," to show all lawful favor and respect unto the planters that came over in the Lyons Whelpe out of the counties of Dorset and Somerset; that you would appoint unto William Dodg, a skillful and painful husbandman, the charge of a team of horses [ MBCR 1:401].
According to a family tradition William Dodge returned to England sometime between 1629 and 1636 to acquire a wife and an associated gift from his father. While the absence of any record of William in New England between these dates makes this story a possibility, it is nothing more than that.
On 27 December 1636 "William Dodg's boy whipped for running away from his master several times" [ EQC 1:4]. If this servant is included in the household a year later when the grant of marsh and meadow was made, crediting William Dodge with a household of five, then four of the five are accounted for: William Dodge, wife Elizabeth, son John, and unnamed servant boy. There is the possibility, then, of a child older than John, but this fifth person might as well be another servant, or a kinsman of William or his wife.
In a document presented at June Term, 1679, John West, aged about fifty-eight years, deposed that being present when William Dodge, Sr., and John Proctor, Sr., made up the match between John Dodge and Sarah Procter, son and daughter of Dodge and Procter, said William Dodge promised to give a parcel of land with his son John, and said Proctor engaged to give ?40 with his daughter Sarah. Dodge further said "Notwithstanding what is given, what shall these young beginners do for household stuff," and deponent proposed that Dodge should give his son John ?10 and Proctor should give his daughter ?5 to be paid at the merchant's, to which proposition they both agreed [ EQC 5:195].
With Roger Haskell he was to round up neighbors to mend the two bridges on the country way over the Bass River toward Wenham on 26 October 1646 [ STR 1:145, 148]. William Dodge and Henry Bartholomew, as agents for Mr. George Taylor, late inhabiting in Lynn, sold to Richard Johnson one house and barn and land, and four acres of salt marsh [ ELR 1:19]. Along with the other executors of Thomas Scruggs, William "Dodg" sold ten acres to Edmond Patch of Salem [ ELR 1:33].
William Dodge was one of two attorneys for Gervis Garford, who was accused by Roger Haskell of not laying out upland as agreed [June Term, 1657, EQC 2:44]. William Dodge sued Robert Haskell for not maintaining a fence [June Term, 1659, EQC 2:160]. The matter was something of a draw, since years later the court ordered that the court costs be divided between the two men and that the land be divided equally [June Term, EQC 2:311, 313]. It was over a similar, if not identical, fence that Roger Haskell and Osmond Trask came to blows. John Harris, an eighteen year old servant of William Dodge, testified that he saw Haskell attack Trask with a pitchfork and that he, William Dodge, John Dodge, and William Fiske ran to them when they heard the outcry [November Term, 1661, EQC 2:323]. William's son, William, had little better luck with fences, and both men found themselves deposing about them in the March Term, 1671 [ EQC 4:332].
"Farmer John Porter," William Dodge, and Roger Haskell, all of Salem, were to view the highway at Lynn [June Term, 1660, EQC 2:218]. With Major William Hathorn and Jeffrey Massey, William Dodge was appointed a commissioner to bound out the thirds of Eunice, the widow of Jonathan Porter [November Term, 1660, EQC 2:256].
William Dodge, John Porter and Mr. Edmond Batter were appointed administrators of the estate of Samuel Porter, November Term, 1659 [ EQC 2:192]. William Dodge Sr. took the inventory of the estate of Thomas Scruggs of Salem 24 June 1654 [ EPR 1:185] and of the widow Elizabeth Hardy of Salem 11 November 1654 [ EPR 1:200] and of the estate of Lot Conant 29 September 1674 [ EQC 5:432].
William Dodge Sr. and Joseph Ayers deposed at the November Term 1678 that they had been asked by Ephraim Fellows to appraise a parcel of corn which was destroyed by swine [ EQC 7:120]. William Dodge, Sr., aged about seventy years at April Term, 1679, deposed about a dying cow [ EQC 7:181].
At the September Term, William Dodge Sr. joined with other influential men of Beverly, Wenham and Salem, to request further assistance from the General court in establishing the final bounds of these towns [ EQC 8:19-20].
The Josiah Dodge who was killed in King Philip's War has been suggested as a son of William Dodge [Dodge Gen 15; Dawes-Gates 2:323].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: The basic genealogy of the Dodge family was published in 1894 by Joseph Thompson Dodge [Genealogy of the Dodge Family of Essex County, Mass. 1629-1894 (Madison, Wisconsin, 1894), cited above as Dodge Gen]. Mary Walton Ferris prepared studies of both William Dodge and his brother Richard Dodge [ Dawes-Gates 2:315-28]. 
DODGE, William (I1520)
132 From: The Great Migration Begins:

ORIGIN: Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire
MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower
FREEMAN: In the "1633" list of Plymouth freemen John Howland is near the head of the list, among the councillors [ PCR 1:3]. In the 6 March 1636/7 list of Plymouth Colony freemen [ PCR 1:52]. In the Plymouth section of the 1639, 1658 and 29 May 1670 lists of Plymouth Colony freemen [ PCR 5:274, 8:173, 197].
EDUCATION: His inventory included "1 great Bible and Annotations on the 5 Books of Moses" valued at ?1 and "Mr. Tindall's Works, Mr. Wilson's Works, 7 more books" valued at ?1.
OFFICES: Plymouth Colony Assistant, 1 January 1632/3, 1 January 1633/4, 1 January 1634/5 [ PCR 1:5, 21, 32]. Deputy for Plymouth to General Court, 1 June 1641, 28 October 1645, 1 June 1647, 7 June 1648, 8 June 1649, 4 June 1650, 5 June 1651, 3 June 1652, 7 June 1653, 7 March 1653/4, 6 June 1654, 1 August 1654, 8 June 1655, 3 June 1656, 1 June 1658, 4 June 1661, 1 June 1663, 1 June 1666, 5 June 1667 [ PCR 2:16, 94, 117, 123, 144, 154, 167, 3:8, 31, 44, 49, 63, 79, 99, 135, 214, 4:37, 122, 148].
In charge of the fur trading post at Kennebec, 1634 [ MD 2:10-11]. Committe on the fur trade, 3 October 1659 [ PCR 3:170]. In the Plymouth section of the 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms (as "John Howland Sen.") [ PCR 8:187].
ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth division of land John Howland received four acres as a passenger on the Mayflower [ PCR 12:4]. In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle John Howland, his wife Elizabeth Howland, John Howland Junior and Desire Howland were the first four persons in the fourth company [ PCR 12:10].
In the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 John Howland was assessed 18s., and in the list of 27 March 1634 ?1 4s. [ PCR 1:9, 27]. John Howland was a Purchaser [ PCR 2:177].
On 4 December 1637 "forty acres of land are granted to Mr. John Howland, lying at the Island Creeke Pond at the western end thereof, with the marsh ground that he useth to mow there" [ PCR 1:70]. On 5 November 1638 the "island called Spectacle, lying upon Green's Harbor, is granted to Mr. John Howland" [ PCR 1:102, 110, 168]. Granted six acres of meadow "at the North Meadow by Jones River" [ PCR 2:49].
In his will, dated 29 May 1672 and proved 6 March 1672/3, "John Howland Seni[o]r of the town of New Plymouth ... being now grown aged, having many infirmities of body upon me," bequeathed to "John Howland my eldest son besides what lands I have already given him, all my right and interest to that one hundred acres of land granted me by the court lying on the eastern side of Taunton River"; to "my son Jabez Howland all those my upland and meadow that I now possess at Satuckett and Paomett"; to "my son Jabez Howland all that my one piece of land that I have lying on the southside of the mill brook"; to "Isaac Howland my youngest son all those my uplands and meadows ... in the town of Middlebery and in a tract of land called the Major's Purchase near Namassakett Ponds which I have bought and purchased of William White of Marshfield"; to "my said son Isacke Howland the one half of my twelve acre lot of meadow that I now have at Winnatucsett River"; to "my dear and loving wife Elizabeth Howland the use and benefit of my now dwelling house in Rockey Nooke in the township of Plymouth ... with the outhousing lands ... uplands and meadow lands ... in the town of Plymouth ... excepting what meadow and upland I have before given to my sons Jabez and Isacke Howland during her natural life"; to "my son Joseph Howland after the decease of my loving wife Elizabeth Howland my aforesaid dwelling house at Rockey Nooke"; to "my daughter Desire Gorum 20s."; to "my daughter Hope Chipman 20s."; to "my daughter Elizabeth Dickenson 20s."; to "my daughter Lydia Browne 20s."; to "my daughter Hannah Bosworth 20s."; to "my daughter Ruth Cushman 20s."; to "my grandchild Elizabeth Howland the daughter of my son John Howland 20s."; "these legacies given to my daughters [to] be paid by my executrix"; to "my loving wife Elizabeth Howland my debts and legacies being first paid, my whole estate," she to be executrix [ MD 2:70-73, citing PCPR 3:1:49-50].
The inventory of "Mr. John Howland lately deceased" was taken 3 March 1672/3 and totalled ?157 8s. 8d. [ MD 2:73-77, citing PCPR 3:1:51-54]. After the inventory, the appraisers noted that "the testator died possessed of these several parcels of land following:" "his dwelling house with the outhousing, uplands and meadow belonging thereunto lying at Rockey Nooke in the town of New Plymouth," "a parcel of meadow at Jones River meadow," "the one half of a house and a parcel of meadow and upland belonging thereunto lying and being at Colchester in the aforesaid township," "a parcel of meadow and upland belonging thereunto lying near Jones River bridge in the town of Duxburrow," "one house and 2 shares of a tract of land and meadow that lyeth in the town of Middleberry that was purchased by Captain Thomas Southworth of and from the Indian Sachem Josias Wampatucke," and "2 shares of a tract of land called the Major's Purchase lying near Namassakett ponds" [ MD 2:77, citing PCPR 3:1:54]. (See also PCR 5:108, 110, 127.)
In her will, dated 17 December 1686 and proved 10 January 1687/8, "Elizabeth Howland of Swanzey ... being seventy nine years of age" bequeathed to "my eldest son John Howland the sum of ?5 ... and my book called Mr. Tindale's Works and also one pair of sheets & one pair of pillowbeers and one pair of bedblankets"; to "my son Joseph Howland my stilliards and also one pair of sheets and one pair of pillowbeers"; to "my son Jabez Howland my featherbed & bolster that is in his custody & also one rug & two blankets that belongeth to the said bed & also my great iron pot & pothooks"; to "my son Isaack Howland my book called Willson on the Romanes & one pair of sheets & one pair of pillowbeers & also my great brass kettle already in his possession"; to "my son-in-law Mr. James Browne my great Bible"; to "my daughter Lidia Browne my best featherbed & boulster two pillows & three blankets & a green rug & my small cupboard one pair of andirons & my lesser brass kettle & my small Bible & my book of Mr. Robbinson's Works called Observations Divine & Moral & also my finest pair of sheets & my holland pillowbeers"; to "my daughter Elisabeth Dickenson one pair of sheets & one pair of pillowbeers & one chest"; to "my daughter Hannah Bosworth one pair of sheets & one pair of pillowbeers"; to "my granddaughter Elizabeth Bursley one pair of sheets and one pair of pillowbeers"; to "my grandson Nathanael Howland (the son of Joseph Howland) ... my lot of land with the meadow thereto adjoining ... in the township of Duxbury near Jones River Bridge"; to "my grandson James Browne one iron bar and one iron trammell now in his possession"; to "my grandson Jabez Browne one chest"; to "my granddaughter Dorothy Browne my best chest & my warming pan"; to "my granddaughter Desire Cushman four sheep"; "my wearing clothes linen and woollen" and the residue to "my three daughters Elisabeth Dickenson, Lidia Browne and Hannah Bosworth to be equally divided amongst them"; "my loving son-in-law James Browne and my loving son Jabez Howland" executors [ MD 3:54-57, citing BrPR 1:13-14].
BIRTH: Say 1592, son of Henry and Margaret (_____) Howland of Fenstanton.
DEATH: Plymouth 23 February 1672/3 "above eighty years" [ PCR 8:34].
MARRIAGE: Plymouth by about 1624 Elizabeth Tilley, baptized Henlow, Bedfordshire, 30 August 1607, daughter of JOHN TILLEY . She died at Swansea 22 December 1687, aged eighty [ SwVR 27].
i DESIRE, b. say 1624; m. by 1644 John Gorham (eldest child b. Plymouth 2 April 1644 [ MD 5:72]).

ii JOHN, b. Plymouth 24 April 1627; m. Plymouth 26 October 1651 Mary Lee [ PCR 8:13].

iii HOPE, b. Plymouth 30 August 1629; m. by about 1646 John Chipman.

iv ELIZABETH, b. say 1631; m. (1) Plymouth 13 September 1649 Ephraim Hicks [ PCR 8:8]; m. (2) Plymouth 10 July 1651 John Dickerson [ PCR 8:13].

v LYDIA, b. say 1633; m. by about 1655 James Brown.

vi HANNAH, b. say 1637; m. Swansea 6 July 1661 Jonathan Bosworth [ SwVR 23].

vii JOSEPH, b. say 1640; m. Plymouth 7 December 1664 Elizabeth Southworth [ PCR 8:25], daughter of THOMAS SOUTHWORTH .

viii JABEZ, b. about 1644 (deposed on 19 July 1680 aged 36 years [ SJC #1915]); m. by 1669 Bethiah Thatcher, daughter of Anthony Thatcher (eldest child b. Plymouth 15 November 1669 [ PVR 668; NYGBR 42:154-57]).

ix RUTH, b. say 1646; m. Plymouth 17 November 1664 Thomas Cushman [ PCR 8:25], son of Thomas Cushman.

x ISAAC, b. Plymouth 15 November 1649; m. by 1677 Elizabeth Vaughn, daughter of George Vaughn [ TAG 23:24-26].

ASSOCIATIONS: Brother of HENRY HOWLAND and Arthur Howland.

COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford tells us that John Howland was one of the "manservants" of JOHN CARVER [ Bradford 441]. During a particularly bad storm on the crossing John Howland (characterized by Bradford as "a lusty young man") went above deck and was swept overboard, but

it pleased God that he caught hold of the topsail halyards which hung overboard and ran out at length. Yet he held his hold (though he was sundry fathoms under water) till he was hauled up by the same rope to the brim of the water, and then with a boat hook and other means got into the ship again and his life saved. And though he was something ill with it, yet he lived many years after and became a profitable member both in church & commonwealth [ Bradford 59].
In his 1651 accounting on the family of John Carver, Bradford reported that "[h]is servant John Howland married the daughter of John Tilley, Elizabeth, and they are both now living, and their eldest daughter hath four children; and their second daughter one, all living, and other of their children marriageable" [ Bradford 444].
In an undated deposition we learn that in April 1634 John Hocking came to Kennebec and challenged the rights of the Plymouth men to their exclusive trade in that place. Mr. John Howland, in charge of the trading post, went out in their bark with several other men and warned Hocking off, but was taunted and defied. Howland "bid three of his men go cut his cable [Hocking's anchor]," but the flow of the stream was too strong and Howland called them back and added Moses Talbot to the crew. Hocking, seeing that their intent was to cut the cable, "presently put his peice almost to Moyses Talbott's head, which Mr. Howland seeing called to him desiring him not to shoot his man but take himself for his mark saying his men did but that which he commanded them and therefore desired him not to hurt any of them, if any wrong was done it was himself that did it and therefore called again to him to take him for his mark saying he stood very fair, but Hocking would not hear nor look towards our bark, but presently shooteth Moyses in the head, and presently took up his pistol in his hand but the Lord stayed him from doing any further hurt by a shot from our bark himself was presently struck dead being shot near the same place in the head where he had murderously shot Moyses" [ MD 2:10-11].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Because of the multitude of descendants of John Howland, through all ten of his children, the publication of the first five generations of descent from John Howland will occupy many volumes. Elizabeth Pearson White has prepared the first two volumes in this series: John Howland of the Mayflower: Volume 1, The First Five Generations, Documented Descendants Through his first child Desire Howland and her husband Captain John Gorham (Camden, Maine, 1990) and John Howland of the Mayflower: Volume 2, The First Five Generations, Documented Descendants Through his second child John Howland and his wife Mary Lee (Camden, Maine, 1993).
In her first volume White argued that John Howland lived for several years in Maine, and that three of his children were born there. Robert S. Wakefield has gathered the evidence that this could not have been the case [ MD 42:15-16].
HOWLAND, Captain John (I464)
133 From: The Great Migration Begins:

ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland
MIGRATION: 1623 in Anne
REMOVES: Duxbury
RETURN TRIPS: Returned to England permanently, perhaps as early as 1643, and certainly by 1654
OCCUPATION: Sayworker (in Leiden).
FREEMAN: In "1633" Plymouth list of freemen, before those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [ PCR 1:3]; in list of freemen of 7 March 1636/7 [ PCR 1:52]. In Duxbury section of 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen (with his name lined through) [ PCR 8:174].
OFFICES: Duxbury representative on committee to lay out highways, 1 October 1634 [ PCR 1:31]; Plymouth colony committee to assess taxes, 3 March 1634/5, 1 March 1635/6 [ PCR 1:33, 38]; coroner's jury, 2 March 1635/6 [ PCR 1:39]; Duxbury representative to committee on the "nearer uniting of Plymouth & those on Duxburrough side," 14 March 1635/6 [ PCR 1:41]; grand jury, 7 March 1636/7, 2 June 1640, 7 June 1642 [ PCR 1:54, 155, 2:41]; committee to apportion hay grounds, 20 March 1636/7 [ PCR 1:55]; Duxbury constable, 5 March 1638/9, 4 June 1639 [ PCR 1:116, 125]. Arbiter, 7 September 1642 [ PCR 2:44].
ESTATE: In 1623 Plymouth land division, granted three acres as passenger on Anne [ PCR 12:6]; in 1627 Plymouth cattle division, "Stephen Tracie, Triphosa Tracie, Sarah Tracie, Rebecka Tracie" were the fifth through eighth names in the tenth company [ PCR 12:12].
Assessed 18s. in Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [ PCR 1:10, 27]. He appears on the list of purchasers [ PCR 2:177].
Permitted to mow "within his own ground," 1 July 1633 [ PCR 1:14]; assigned mowing ground, 14 March 1635/6, 20 March 1636/7 [ PCR 1:40, 56]; granted eighty acres with some meadow additional, at the North River [ PCR 1:165].
On 20 March 1654/5, while in London, Stephen Tracy "at present of Great Yarmouth in old England" made his will, in the form of a power of attorney to John Winslow, disposing to son John "what land and houses I have there in Duxburrow" (along with some cattle), to "my daughter Ruth Tracy one cow and one two year old mare," and "what cattle I have more (Marye's two cows being cast in amongst them) to be equally divided among my five children living in New England," noting that some of his children are married with children, and others are unmarried [ PLR 2:179, transcribed in full in MD 10:143-44].
BIRTH: Probably the "Stephen Trace" baptized 28 December 1596 at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, son of Stephen and Agnes/Anne (Erdley) Tracy [ TAG 51:73; Tracy Gen 19-20].
DEATH: After 20 March 1654/5, the date of his will.
MARRIAGE: Leiden, Holland, 3 January 1621 [NS] Tryphosa Lee [ Dawes-Gates 799]; she was born about 1597 (aged 27 on 1 May 1624 [ TAG 51:242]) and presumably predeceased her husband.
i SARAH, b. Leiden about January 1623 [ TAG 51:242]; m. Plymouth [blank] November 1638 George Partridge [ PCR 1:103].

ii REBECCA, b. Plymouth say 1625; m. say 1645 William Merrick [ Dawes-Gates 2:801-02].

iii RUTH, b. say 1628; living unm. 1655.

iv MARY, b. say 1630; living perhaps unm. 1655.

v JOHN, b. say 1632; m. by about 1661 Mary Prence, daughter of THOMAS PRENCE [ Tracy Gen 26].

ASSOCIATIONS: William Palmer the elder of Duxbury, nayler, left a legacy to Stephen Tracy in his will of 4 December 1637 [ Dawes-Gates 2:801]. How he might have been associated or related to Tracy is unknown.
COMMENTS: Robert S. Wakefield discusses some important records relating to the Tracy family at Leiden, and to the date of arrival of Stephen's wife Tryphosa, and eldest daughter Sarah, and concludes that they came in 1625 on the Jacob [ TAG 51:71-73, 242].
On 7 July 1638 the Plymouth court noted that Tracy "had hired John Price for four months; his time was to begin the first week in June" [ PCR 1:92].
Stephen Tracy is not included in the 1643 list of men able to bear arms, and is not seen in any later Plymouth Colony record, so he may have returned to England late in 1642 or early in 1643.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1936 Sherman Weld Tracy published a genealogy of some of the descendants of Stephen Tracy [The Tracy Genealogy (Rutland, Vermont, 1936)]. Mary Walton Ferris treated Stephen Tracy in 1931 [ Dawes-Gates 2:799-802], and Donald Lines Jacobus twice prepared accounts of this immigrant [ Waterman Gen 1:688-90; Ackley-Bosworth 37-38]. 
TRACY, Stephen (I694)
134 From: The Great Migration Begins:

ORIGIN: All Saints Barking, London [ EIHC 17:103-04]
MIGRATION: 1621 on Fortune
REMOVES: Duxbury by 1637, Eastham 1644, Plymouth by 1665
FREEMAN: In the "1633" Plymouth list of freemen Thomas Prence was just after the councillors, and ahead of those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [ PCR 1:3]. "Thomas Prence, gen.," is in the 7 March 1636/7 list of Plymouth freemen [ MBCR 1:52]. In the list of assistants at the head of the "1639" list of Plymouth Colony freemen, but as this list was revised and annotated his name was included in the "Nawsett" portion of the list [ PCR 8:173, 177]. In Eastham section of 1658 list of Plymouth freemen, and in Plymouth section of list of 29 May 1670 [ PCR 5:274, 8:201]
EDUCATION: His inventory included a long list of books valued at ?14 2d., including two great Bibles and "100 of psalm books."
OFFICES: Plymouth Governor, 1634, 1638, 1657-72 [ MA Civil List 35]. Assistant, Plymouth Colony, 1632-33, 1635-37, 1639-56 [ PCR 1:32, 36, 48, 116, 140, 2:8, 15, 33, 40, 52, 56, 71, 83, 115; MA Civil List 37-38]. Treasurer, 1637 [ PCR 1:48; MA Civil List 36]. Council of War, 1637 [ PCR 1:60, PTR 1:16]. Commissioner for the United Colonies, 1645, 1650, 1653-58, 1661-63, 1670-72 [ MA Civil List 28-29].
In Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [ PCR 8:188].
ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth division of land Thomas Prence received one acre as a passenger on the Fortune [ PCR 12:5]. In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle Thomas Prince, Patience Prince and Rebecca Prince are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth persons in the fifth company [ PCR 12:10].
In the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 Thomas Prence was assessed ?1 7s. [ PCR 1:9]. He was omitted from the list of 27 March 1634. His cattle mark was three marks on the outer side of the ear [ PTR 1:2].
Thomas Prence received grants of land, 1 July 1633, 14 March 1635/6, 20 March 1636/7 meadow at Jones River; 6 March 1636/7 land between two cedar swamps at Island Creeke Pond; 5 February 1637/8 all the land between Greenes Harbor and South River; 2 April 1638 a garden place; 5 November 1638 ten acres of land "in some convenient place about the town"; 3 December 1638 an acre and a half at Smilt River; 2 December 1639 a parcel between John Barnes's garden and George Watson's field; 16 September 1641 an enlargement at the head of his Joanes River lot; 17 October 1642 an additional six acres at Joanes River; 2 October 1650 granted rights to bass fishing at Cape Cod [ PCR 1:14, 40, 51, 56, 77, 83, 102, 103, 136, 142, 145, 163, 2:26, 49, 161]. He exchanged land with John Combe, Phinehas Pratt and John Barnes [ PCR 1:25, 30, 12:197].
On 14 September 1638 Mr. Thomas Prence purchased two acres of land on the south side of the second brook from Ellinor Billington and Francis Billington [ PCR 12:37]. On 29 May 1643 he contributed 6d. to buy drumheads and ?14 to buy bread [ PTR 1:14-15]. About 1645 Mr. Thomas Prence acknowledged that he had sold to Mr. Edmond Freeman all his house and garden place and barn in Plymouth, ten acres of upland in the woods and five acres in the second brook, and eleven acres by John Barnes's land and one farm at Joanes River [ PCR 12:129-30]. On 11 July 1649 Mr. Thomas Prence of Nawset, gentleman, sold to Jacob Cooke of Plymouth, planter, forty acres of upland in Rocky Noocke with three acres of marsh [ PCR 12:175]. On 13 July 1649 Mr. Thomas Prence of Nawset, gentleman, sold to Richard Church of Nawset, carpenter, and to Anthony Snow of Marshfield, feltmaker, upland and marsh at Marshfield and forty acres of upland received by grant dated 5 February 1647 [ PCR 12:176].
On 13 June 1655 Thomas Prence of Eastham sold to "Mr. Edward Buckley" of Marshfield five acres of marsh in Marshfield [ MD 9:234, citing PCLR 2:1:155]. On 12 July 1655 Thomas Prence of Eastham sold to John Browne of Rehoboth "my half share with other purchasers situate and being near Rehoboth and Sowamsett" [ MD 10:16, citing PCLR 2:1:159]. On 31 August 1658 Thomas Prence sold to John Cooke of Plymouth two acres of marsh meadow at Jones River [ MD 13:44, citing PCLR 2:2:6].
On 5 February 1665 the town of Plymouth granted Mr. Thomas Prence six acres of upland meadow on the west side of Jones River meadow and on 16 March 1667[/8] twelve acres more there [ PTR 1:83, 97].
On 8 December 1662 Thomas Prence deeded to "my son [i.e., stepson] Samuell Freeman and Mercye his wife the house and land Samuel now dwelleth in" [ PCLR 3:201]. On 20 September 1664 Thomas Prence deeded to John Freeman of Eastham "all that his upland and meadow lying on the southeast side of great Namskekett, viz: a parcel of upland containing eight acres ... with five acres of meadow"; also two acres of meadow with ten acres of upland [ PCLR 3:28]. On 14 November 1669 Thomas Prence exchanged one hundred acres "of upland lying upon Pachague Neck on the southerly side of Teticutt River" with "Mrs. Alice Bradford the executrix of Mr. William Bradford," receiving in return "a half share of Purchase Land at Satuckett, be it forty-five acres more or less, and also the one-half of twenty-five acres of meadow" [ PCLR 3:171]. On 2 May 1670 Thomas Prence of Plymouth, Gent., sold to Thomas Paine of Eastham, cooper, "all my one-half share of Purchase Land at Paomett," with the consent of "Mrs. Prence" [ PCLR 5:480]. On 25 July 1672 Thomas Prence, Esquire, Governor of New Plymouth, deeded to John Freeman Sr. of Eastham "one parcel of land containing thirty acres"; "another parcel of land containing eight acres ... of swamp and upland"; "one other parcel of marshland, containing twenty-four acres"; "also forty acres of upland"; "also [another] forty acres of upland"; "also fifteen acres of upland"; and "also five acres of upland" [ PCLR 3:278].
In his will, dated 13 March 1672/3 and proved 5 June 1673, "Thomas Prence being at present weak in body" bequeathed to "Mary my beloved wife ... such household goods of any kind as were hers before we married, returned to her again, after my decease, and if any of them be much impaired or be wanting, that she shall make it good out of my estate in such goods as she desireth"; to "my said loving wife my best bed and the furniture thereunto appertaining, and the court cupboard that now stands in the new parlor with the cloth and cushion that is on it, and an horse and three cows such as she shall make choice of, and four of my best silver spoons, and also during her natural life, I give her the rents and profits of my part of the mill at Satuckett, and of the lands adjoining, and my debts and legacies being first paid, I do further give unto my said wife a full third part of my personal estate that remains"; to "my daughter Jane the wife of Marke Snow my silver tankard"; to "my daughter Mary Tracye a silver wine cup and a dram cup"; to "my daughter Sarah Howes my biggest beer bowl"; to "my daughter Elizabeth Howland my silver salt"; to "my grandchild Theophilus Mayo and to the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, the one half of my lands and meadows at or near Namassakett in the township of Middleberry"; "I give unto my grandchild Sussanna Prence the daughter of my deceased son Thomas Prence, the other half of my above mentioned lands and meadows at Middleberry aforesaid"; in the absence of an heir of these grandchildren, the abovesaid lands to revert to "my daughters, or such of them as shall be then surviving, or their heirs if all my daughters should be dead"; "to my said grandchild Theophilus, and to his heirs forever, my part of the mill and lands adjacent at Satuckett after the decease of my wife, and this I give for his encouragement to proceed in learning"; residue divided between "my seven daughters, Hannah, Marcye, Jane, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah and Judith, and my above mentioned grandchild Susanna Prence"; Mary "my beloved wife sole executrix"; "my loving friend Major Josias Winslow to be helpful therein." A codicil to the will bequeathed "to Mr. John Freeman Speed's Cronicle and Wilson's Dictionary and the abridgement, and Simpson's History of the Church and Newman's Concordance "; to "my daughter Elizabeth Howland a black heifer"; a little yellow heifer to Lydia Sturtivant; to "my daughter Jane a bed, and another bed to my daughter Elizabeth Howland"; to "my grandson Theophilus Mayo all my books fit for him in learning, and if he carry it well to his grandmother I then give him a bed"; also "I desire my brother Thomas Clarke to be helpful to my wife as need may require" [ MD 3:204-06, citing PCPR 3:1:58-59].
The inventory of "Thomas Prence Esqr. lately deceased" was taken 23 April 1673 and totalled ?422 10s. 7d. [ MD 3:206-16, citing PCPR 3:1:60-70]. Real estate was listed at the end of the inventory, but unvalued: "one hundred acres of land lying in the town of Middleberry at or near Winnapaukett pond and the brook going from it"; "one share of meadow lying in a certain tract of meadow called the Major's meadow that lieth upon Namassakett River, betwixt the pond and the weir"; "one hundred acres of land lying on the northerly side of Teticutt River"; "a considerable tract of land that lieth on the easterly side of Namassakett River between Winnapauckett pond and a tract of land called the Major's purchase"; "eight acres of land on the westerly side of Namassakett River"; "a grant of ten or twelve acres of land and a small parcel of meadow at Jones River meadow in the township of Plymouth"; "ten acres of land lying on the south side of a cart way that goeth to Lakenham, called Prence bottom in Plymouth"; "the one half of fifty or sixty acres of land and three acres of meadow between him and Major Winslow in Middleberry"; "twenty acres of land and three acres of meadow at Tonsett in the township of Eastham"; "eight acres of land lying on Pochey Island in the aforesaid Eastham"; and "one fourth part of a mill at Satuckett and lands adjoining to it" [ MD 3:215-16].
On 10 June 1673 John Freeman, Jonathan Sparrow, John Tracy, Mark Snow, Jeremiah Howes, Arthur Howland and Isaac Barker receipted to "our mother-in-law Mrs. Mary Prence late wife and executrix to our father Thomas Prence Esquire deceased" for their shares of the estate of Thomas Prence [ MD 33:97-100 (with photograph of the unrecorded original)].
On 10 June 1676 Josiah Winslow, Esquire, "attorney for ... Susanna Prence at Catheren Gate near the Tower in London ..., singlewoman"; and John Freeman in the right of Mary his wife and as attorney for "Mary Prence, relict and executrix of the last will and testament of the honored Thomas Prence, late Governor ... deceased," and of Jonathan Sparrow and Hannah his wife, Marke Snow and Jane his wife, and Jeremiah Howes and Sarah his wife, daughters of the said Thomas Prence; and John Tracye and Mary his wife, Arthur Howland and Elizabeth his wife, and Isacke Barker and Judith his wife, daughters also of the said Thomas Prence, sold to Constant Southworth, treasurer and agent of Plymouth Colony, "all that our dwelling house, messuage or tenement" in Plymouth "at a place commonly called Plain Dealing"; signed by Josiah Winslow, John Freeman, John Trasye, Arthur Howland and Isack Barker [ PCLR 4:124].
BIRTH: About 1600 based on age at death, son of Thomas Prence, carriage-maker, of Lechdale, Gloucestershire. In his will, dated 31 July 1630 and proved 14 August 1630, Thomas Prence, carriage-maker, of Lechdale, Gloucestershire, left a legacy to his son Thomas Prence "now remaining in New England in the parts beyond the seas" [ EIHC 7:103-04, citing PCC 70 Scroope].
DEATH: Plymouth 29 March 1673, in his 73rd year ("Thomas Prence, Esquire, Governor of the jurisdiction of New Plymouth, died the 29th of March, 1673, and was interred the 8th of April following. After he had served God in the office of Governor sixteen years, or near thereunto, he finished his course in the 73 year of his life. He was a worthy gentleman, very pious, and very able for his office, and faithful in the discharge thereof, studious of peace, a wellwiller to all that feared God, and a terror to the wicked. His death was much lamented, and his body honorably buried at Plymouth the day and year above mentioned" [ PCR 8:34; see also MD 3:203-04]).
MARRIAGE: (1) Plymouth 5 August 1624 Patience Brewster [ Prince 229], daughter of WILLIAM BREWSTER ; she died late in 1634 (in a letter to his son John Winthrop Jr. dated 12 December 1634, JOHN WINTHROP reported that "the pestilent fever hath taken away some at Plimouth, among others Mr. Prence the governor his wife ..." [ WP 3:177]).
(2) Plymouth 1 April 1635 Mary Collier [ PCR 1:34], daughter of WILLIAM COLLIER ; she died perhaps by 1644.
(3) After 1 July 1644 (when she witnessed Rev. George Phillips's will as Apphia Freeman in Watertown [ NEHGR 3:78]) and certainly some considerable time before 8 December 1662 (when Thomas gave land to her son) Apphia (Quick) Freeman, former wife of SAMUEL FREEMAN , daughter of William Quick of London [ TAG 11:178].
(4) After 26 February 1665[/6] and by 1 August 1668 Mary (_____) Howes, widow of Thomas Howes [ MD 6:157-65, 230-35]. She died 9 December 1695 [ MD 6:230, citing YarTR 3:328].
With first wife

i REBECCA, b. say 1625 (living at time of cattle division in 1627 [ PCR 12:10]); m. Plymouth 22 April 1646 Edmund Freeman [ PCR 2:98].

ii THOMAS, b. say 1627 (in the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle is a second Thomas Prence, inserted at the end of the tenth lot; this may be the son Thomas Prence, born at about the time this list was compiled, and added separately from his family); m. _____ _____ (an appendix to the fifth edition of Morton's Memorial refers to letters from the widow and daughter of this Thomas Prence, in London, to his father, the immigrant [pp. 424-25]; these letters have apparently never been published, but copies of some of them are held by the Massachusetts Historical Society).

iii HANNAH, b. say 1629; m. (1) Eastham 13 February 1649/50 Nathaniel Mayo [ PCR 8:26]; m. (2) by 1671 Jonathan Sparrow [ MD 14:193-203].

iv MERCY, b. say 1631; m. Eastham 13 February 1649/50 John Freeman [ PCR 8:26].

With second wife
v JANE, b. Duxbury 1 November 1637 [ MD 6:230]; m. Eastham 9 January 1660[/1] Mark Snow [ PCR 8:28], son of NICHOLAS SNOW .

vi MARY, b. say 1639; m. by about 1661 John Tracy [ Tracy Gen 26].

Perhaps with third wife
vii JUDITH, b. say 1645; m. (1) Plymouth 28 December 1665 Isaac Barker [ PCR 8:31], son of ROBERT BARKER ; m. (2) after 1693 William Tubbs [ PPR 1:168; PLR 2:123].

viii ELIZABETH, b. about spring 1647 [ WP 5:169]; m. Marsh~field 9 December 1667 Arthur Howland [ MarVR 10], son of Arthur Howland [ NGSQ 71:90-91].

ix SARAH, b. about 1648 ("departed this life March the 3d 1706 in the 60th year of her age," tombstone, Yarmouth, which conflicts with YarVR [ NEHGR 59:217]); m. by about 1669 Jeremiah Howes (birth of child estimated by child's date of marriage), her stepbrother [ MD 6:233; NEHGR 59:217-18].

COMMENTS: For many years it was believed that Prence had married only three times and that his last wife was "Mary" Freeman, but this was straightened out in 1904 by Ella Florence Elliott, who divided the erroneous construct into its proper wholes, revealing divorcee Apphia Freeman and widow Mary Howes as Prence's last two of four wives [ MD 6:230-35].
Establishing the probable date of marriage for Apphia and Thomas Prence has significant implications for the parentage of Prence's last three children. Apphia is last seen as a Freeman 1 July 1644, about a year before the birth of Prence's seventh child, and at the end of a six- year hiatus in the birthdates of his children. She is called "Mrs. Freeman" as late as 15 October 1646 in a deed where she appears as an abutter, but this does not necessarily imply that she had not remarried by this date, since it was not unusual for archaic bounds to be used in this sort of description [ SLR 1:78].
In a letter dated at Plymouth 8 June 1647, Thomas Prence wrote to John Winthrop that "since my parting company [with you] I have almost met with Jacob's trial in his travel between Bethel and Ephrath: God's having been heavy upon my wife and that for diverse months and is not yet removed" [ WP 5:169]. In Genesis 35:16-19 Jacob's favorite wife Rachel died between Bethel and Ephrath after giving birth to a son she named Benoni, but he called Benjamin. Prence here is referring to the birth of his own daughter Elizabeth, apparently a difficult childbirth.
On 6 March 1637/8, having been elected governor, Thomas Prence was excused from the requirement that the governor live in Plymouth, and was permitted to retain his residence in Duxbury [ PCR 1:79]. When he was again elected governor, in 1657, he was allowed to maintain his residence in Eastham, but in 1663 the court ordered that the governor's house at Plymouth be enlarged, and by 1665 Prence again became a resident of Plymouth [ Dawes-Gates 2:684].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Perhaps due to the fact that Thomas Prence had no grandsons that carried the Prence surname, little attention has been directed to this family. A very brief account of his family was prepared in 1852 by David Hamblen and a more substantial treatment was published in 1931 by Mary Walton Ferris [ Dawes-Gates 2:682-94]. 
PRENCE, Thomas (I583)
135 From: The Great Migration Begins:

ORIGIN: London
MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower
OCCUPATION: Tanner and merchant.
FREEMAN: In the "1633" list of Plymouth freemen Stephen Hopkins is near the head of the list, included among the assistants [ PCR 1:3]. In list of Plymouth Colony freemen, 7 March 1636/7 (as "Steephen Hopkins, gen.") [ PCR 1:52]. In the Plymouth section of the 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen (as "Mr. Steephen Hopkins," annotated "dead") [ PCR 8:173].
EDUCATION: He signed his will. The inventory included "diverse books" valued at 12s.
OFFICES: Assistant, 1633-36 [ PCR 1:5, 21, 32, 36].
Volunteered for service in the Pequot War, 1637 [ PCR 1:61].
ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth division of land "Steven Hobkins" received six acres as a passenger on the Mayflower [ PCR 12:4]. In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle Stephen Hopkins, his wife Elizabeth Hopkins, Gyles Hopkins, Caleb Hopkins and Deborah Hopkins are the first five persons in the seventh company, and Damaris Hopkins is the thirteenth person in the eighth company [ PCR 12:11, 12].
In the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1634 Stephen Hopkins was assessed ?1 7s., and in the list of 27 March 1634 ?1 10s. [ PCR 1:9, 27]. "Steven Hopkins" was one of the Purchasers [ PCR 2:177].
On 1 July 1633 "Mr. Hopkins" was ordered to mow where he had mowed the year before [ PCR 1:15], followed by similar orders on 14 March 1635/6 and 20 March 1636/7 [ PCR 1:41, 57].
On 5 February 1637/8 "Mr. Stephen Hopkins requesteth a grant of lands towards the Six Mile Brook" [ PCR 1:76].
On 7 August 1638 "[l]iberty is granted to Mr. Steephen Hopkins to erect a house at Mattacheese, and cut hay there this year to winter his cattle, provided that it be not to withdraw him from the town of Plymouth" [ PCR 1:93].
On 17 July 1637 "Steephen Hopkins of Plymouth, gent.," sold to George Boare of Scituate, yeoman, "all that his messuage, houses, tenements, outhouses lying and being at the Broken Wharfe towards the Eele River together with the six shares of lands thereunto belonging containing six acres" [ PCR 12:21]. On 30 November 1638 "Mr. Steephen Hopkins" sold to Josias Cooke "all those his six acres of land lying on the south side of the Town Brook of Plymouth" [ PCR 12:39]. On 8 June 1642 William Chase mortgaged to "Mr. Stephen Hopkins ... all that his house and lands in Yarmouth containing eight acres of upland and six acres more lying at the Stony Cove" [ PCR 12:83].
On 1 June 1640 "Mr. Hopkins" was granted twelve acres of meadow [ PCR 1:154, 166].
In his will, dated 6 June 1644 and proved 20 August 1644, Stephen Hopkins "of Plymouth ... weake yet in good and perfect memory" directed that he be buried "as near as conveniently may be to my wife, deceased," and bequeathed to "son Giles Hopkins" the great bull now in the hands of Mrs. Warren; to "Steven Hopkins my son Giles his son" 20s. in Mrs. Warren's hands; to "daughter Constanc[e] Snow, wife of Nicholas ... my mare"; to "daughter Deborah Hopkins" cows; to "daughter Damaris Hopkins" cows; to "daughter Ruth" cows; to "daughter Elizabeth" cows; to "four daughters Deborah, Damaris, Ruth and Elizabeth Hopkins" all the moveable goods; if any of the daughters die, their share to be divided equally among the survivors; to "son Caleb heir apparent" house and lands at Plymouth, one pair of oxen and hire of them and all the debts "now owing unto me"; daughters to have free recourse to use of the house in Plymouth while single; "son Caleb" executor; Caleb and Captain Standish joint supervisors [ PCPR 1:1:61].
The inventory of the estate of Stephen Hopkins was taken 17 July 1644 and was untotalled, with no real estate included [ PCPR 1:1:62-63].
On 28 October 1644 "Caleb Hopkins son and heir unto Mr. Steephen Hopkins of Plymouth deceased" deeded to "Gyles Hopkins of Yarmouth, planter, one hundred acres of those lands taken up for the Purchasers of Satuckquett which said lands do accrue unto the said Steephen as a Purchaser" [ PCR 12:104].

BIRTH: By about 1579 based on estimated date of first marriage.

DEATH: Plymouth between 6 June 1644 (writing of will) and 17 July 1644 (proving of will).

MARRIAGE: (1) By 1604 Mary _____; she was buried at Hursley, Hampshire, 9 May 1613 [ TAG 73:169].
(2) St. Mary Matfellon, Whitechapel, London, 19 February 1617/8 Elizabeth Fisher. She died at Plymouth sometime in the early 1640s before her husband, who desired to be buried near her; Bradford indicated that both she and her husband had lived in Plymouth above twenty years.

With first wife

i ELIZABETH, bp. Hursley, Hampshire, 13 May 1604 [ TAG 73:170]; living on 12 May 1613 [ TAG 73:165]; no further record.

ii CONSTANCE, bp. Hursley, Hampshire, 11 May 1606 [ TAG 73:170]; m. Plymouth by 1627 NICHOLAS SNOW (in the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle "Nickolas Snow" and "Constance Snow" were the sixth and seventh persons in the seventh company, which was headed by Stephen Hopkins [ PCR 12:11]).

ii GILES, bp. Hursley, Hampshire, 30 January 1607/8 [ TAG 73:170]; m. Plymouth 9 October 1639 Catherine Whelden [ PCR 1:134; TAG 48:5].

With second wife
iii DAMARIS, b. say 1618; probably died at Plymouth before the birth of her sister of the same name.

iv OCEANUS, b. at sea on the Mayflower voyage between 16 September and 11 November 1620; died by 1627.

v CALEB, b. Plymouth say 1624; "became a seaman & died at Barbadoes" between 1644 and 1651 [ Bradford 445].

vi DEBORAH, b. Plymouth say 1626; m. Plymouth 23 April 1646 as his first wife Andrew Ring [ PCR 2:98; TAG 42:202-05], daughter of widow MARY RING .

vii DAMARIS, b. Plymouth say 1628; m. Plymouth shortly after 10 June 1646 Jacob Cooke [ MD 2:27-8], son of FRANCIS COOKE . (Since this Damaris was still bearing children in the early 1670s, she cannot be the same as the Damaris who came on the Mayflower.)

viii RUTH, b. Plymouth say 1630; d. after 30 November 1644 and before spring 1651 [ Bradford 445]; unm.

ix ELIZABETH, b. Plymouth say 1632; believed to have died by 6 October 1659 when her property was appraised "in case Elizabeth Hopkins do come no more" [ MD 4:114-19]; unm.

COMMENTS: Caleb Johnson's discovery [ TAG 73:161-71] of the family of Stephen Hopkins in Hursley, Hampshire, eliminates at last the suggestion that Stephen Hopkins was son of Stephen Hopkins, a clothier, of Wortley, Wooten Underedge, Gloucestershire [ MF 6:3, citing "[t]he Wortley historian"].
Johnson's discovery also strengthens the argument that this was the same Stephen Hopkins who was the minister's clerk on the vessel Sea Venture which met with a hurricane in 1609 while on a voyage to Virginia [ TAG 73:165-66]. One of one hundred and fifty survivors marooned on a Bermuda, he fomented a mutiny and was sentenced to death, but "so penitent he was and made so much moan, alleging the ruin of his wife and children in this his trespass," that his friends procured a pardon from the Governor [ MF 6:3, citing William Strachey's account].
In his listing of the Mayflower passengers Bradford included "Mr. Stephen Hopkins and Elizabeth his wife, and two children called Giles and Constanta, a daughter, both by a former wife. And two more by this wife called Damaris and Oceanus; the last was born at sea. And two servants called Edward Doty and Edward Lester" [ Bradford 442]. Stephen Hopkins signed the Mayflower Compact. In his accounting of this family in 1651 Bradford reported that "Mr. Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they lived above twenty years in this place and had one son and four daughters born here. Their son became a seaman and died at Barbadoes, one daughter died here, and two are married; one of them hath two children, and one is yet to marry. So their increase which still survive are five. But his son Giles is married and hath four children. His daughter Constanta is also married and hath twelve children, all of them living, and one of them married" [ Bradford 445].
In June 1621 Steven Hopkins and Edward Winslow were chosen by the governor to approach Massasoit, and Hopkins repeated this duty as emissary frequently thereafter [ Young's Pilgrim Fathers 202, 204].
Despite his social standing and his early public service, Stephen Hopkins managed to run afoul of the authorities several times in the late 1630s. In June of 1636 while an Assistant, he was fined for battery of John Tisdale, whom he "dangerously wounded" [ PCR 1:41-42]. On 2 October 1637 he was fined for allowing drinking on the Lord's day and the playing of "shovell board" [ PCR 1:68] and on 2 January 1637/8 he was "presented for suffering excessive drinking in his house" [ PCR 1:75]. On 5 June 1638 he was "presented for selling beer for 2d. the quart, not worth 1d. a quart" [ PCR 1:87]; for this and other similar infractions he was on 4 September 1638 fined ?5 [ PCR 1:97]. He dealt harshly with his pregnant servant Dorothy Temple and only the intercession of John Holmes freed him from being held in contempt of court [ PCR 1:111-13]. In December 1639 he was presented for selling a looking glass for 16d. when a similar glass could be bought in the Bay for 9d. [ PCR 1:137].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1992 John D. Austin published an excellent and extensive account of Stephen Hopkins and his descendants as the sixth volume in the Five Generations Project of the General Society of Mayflower Descendants [cited herein as MF 6].
In 1998 Caleb Johnson published his discovery of the baptismal place of the children of Stephen Hopkins by his first wife [ TAG 73:161-71]. 
HOPKINS, Stephen (I391)
136 From: The Great Migration Begins:

ORIGIN: Tenterden, Kent.
MIGRATION: 1635 on the Hercules (on 15 March 1634/5, "Sam[ue]l Hinckley of Tenterden & Sarah his wife, Susan, Sara, Mary children and El[e]zab[eth] a kinswoman" were enrolled at Sandwich for passage to New England on the Hercules [NEHGR 75:219]).
REMOVES: Barnstable 1639.

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: On 30 August 1635, "Goody Hinckley" was admitted a member of Scituate church [NEHGR 9:280].
FREEMAN: On 2 January 1637/8, "Samuell Hinckley" was admitted a freeman of Plymouth Colony, and so was added to the colony list of freemen begun on 7 February 1636/7 [PCR 1:53, 74]. "Samuell Hinckley" appears in both the Scituate and Barnstable sections of the 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen (although his name was not crossed off in the Scituate section) [PCR 8:175, 177]. In the Barnstable section of the 1658 Plymouth Colony list of freemen [PCR 8:200].
OFFICES: Plymouth petit jury, 3 September 1638, 17 June 1641, 4 June 1645 [PCR 1:96, 7:21, 41]. Grand jury, 4 June 1639, 1 June 1641 [PCR 1:126, 2:16].

Barnstable highway surveyor, 5 June 1644, 1 June 1647, 5 June 1651, 3 June 1656 (as "Mr. Samuell Hinckley"), 3 June 1657 [PCR 2:72, 115, 168, 3:101, 116].In the Barnstable section of the 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [PCR 8:193].
ESTATE: "Samuell Hinkly" received several grants of land at Scituate: "the second lot on the south side of Grenfeld Lane being five acres," 12 June 1635; "a portion of marsh & upland lying adjoining together on the other side of the highway over against his houselot," 7 February 1636[/7?]; "upon the Third Cliff five acres," 6 February 1635[/6?]; "a portion of marsh land on the south side of Humpherey Turner's lot on the Third Cliff being nine acres," 7 February 1636[/7?];"a portion of marsh lands lying on the south side of Herring Brook," 7 February 1636[/7?]; and "a portion of upland being twenty-four acres," no date given [ScitTR 1:240-41].

On 7 September 1642, in "the controversy betwixt Samuell Hinckley and Mr. Joseph Hull, about the lands the said Hinckley bought of the said Hull in Barnstable, it is ordered, by the consent of both parties and by the town of Barnstable, being referred to the bench, that the said Mr. Hull, according to his own proffer, shall abate forty shillings of that the said Samuell Hinckley should have paid him for the said land, and that the town of Barnstable shall return the one-half of the lands they took away from the said Samuell Hinckley to him again, and so a final end to be of all suits & controversies about the same" [PCR 2:44, 7:30, 31]. On 5 March 1660/1, "Mr. Samuell Hinckley" was one of five men "added to the purchasers at Saconeesett and places adjacent" [PCR 3:208, 216]. On [blank] [blank] 1645, "Mr. Timothy Hatherley of Scituate" sold to "Mr. John Floyde" of Scituate "all that his house, barn, orchard and homelot in Scituate aforesaid with the marsh meadow belonging thereunto together with the great lot up the North River both upland and meadow, videlicet all the housing and lands both upland and meadow which formerly belonged and was the proper right of Samuell Hinckley in Scittuate sometimes inhabitant of the said town of Scittuate" [PCR 12:204-5].

In his will, dated 8 October 1662 and proved 4 March 1662/3, "Samuell Hinckley Senior of Barnstable" bequeathed to "Bridgett my wife" two cows, "all the household stuff she brought with her, also ... the use of my house and gardens and the use of four acres of my broken up upland ... during the time of her living a widow"; to "son Samuell" and to "son John" and to "son Thomas" a complicated series of bequests, attempting to prevent future contention among the three sons; to "my daughters Susannah, Sarah, Mary and Elizabeth to each of them the value of one shilling and to each of their children the said value"; to "Samuell Hinckley the son of my son Thomas," livestock; to "Mary Hinckley his sister," livestock; to "her brother Thomas," livestock; to "Bathshua Hinckley," livestock; to "the rest of my son Thomas his children," one shilling; to "Samuell the son of my daughter Cobb," livestock; to "his brother Jonathan," livestock; residue to "my executors"; "my son Thomas Hinckley to be my executor and my son-in-law Henery Cobb to be my overseer"; "my sons Samuell and John should attend to the counsel and advice of my sons Thomas Hinckley and Henery Cobb" [PCPR 2:2:2-3]. On 5 May 1663, Plymouth Court ordered "that Samuell Hinckley be summoned to appear at the next Court, to give oath to the will of Mr. Samuell Hinckley, deceased" [PCR 4:36].

The inventory of the estate of "Samuell Hinckley Senior late of Barnstable deceased," taken on an unknown date and presented at court on 10 March 1662/3, totalled 162lb. 16s., with no real estate listed; to this inventory was appended a list of items not inventoried or valued, the first of which was "housing" [PCPR 2:2:3].

BIRTH: Baptized Harrietsham, Kent, 25 May 1589, son of Robert Hinckley [NEHGR 65:315-17].
DEATH: Barnstable "the end of October 1662" [MD 6:98].
MARRIAGE: (1) Hawkhurst, Kent, 7 May 1617 Sarah Soole [NEHGR 68:186], baptized there on 8 June 1600, daughter of Thomas Soole [NEHGR 68:186-89]. She died at Barnstable on 18 August 1656 [MD 6:97] and was buried there on 19 August 1656 [PCR 8:44].
(2) Barnstable "about the 15 of December 1657" Bridget Botfish [PCR 8:44; MD 6:98; NEHGR 65:318], widow of ROBERT BOTFISH [GM 2:1:357-58].
With first wife
i THOMAS HINCKLEY, bp. Hawkhurst, Kent, 19 March 1619/20 [NEHGR 68:186]; m. (1) Barnstable 4 December 1641 Mary Richards [PCR 8:44]; m. (2) Barnstable 16 March 1659/60 Mary (Smith) Glover [MD 6:98].
ii JOHN HINCKLEY, bp. Tenterden, Kent, 28 April 1622 [NEHGR 65:315]; bur. there 25 February 1627/8 [NEHGR 65:315].
iii SUSANNA HINCKLEY, bp. Tenterden, Kent, 6 November 1625 [NEHGR 65:315]; m. by 1644 John Smith (on an unknown date, "John Smith & Susannah Hinckley contracted at our sister Hinckleye's house [in Barnstable]" [NEHGR 10:39]; eldest known child b. Barnstable [blank] April 1644 [MD 12:154]).
iv MARY HINCKLEY, bp. Tenterden, Kent, 23 March 1627/8 [NEHGR 65:315]; no further record.
v SARAH HINCKLEY, bp. Tenterden, Kent, 22 November 1629 [NEHGR 65:315]; m. Barnstable 12 December 1649 HENRY COBB [GMB 1:392-95; PCR 8:42; NEHGR 9:287].
vi MARY HINCKLEY, bp. Tenterden, Kent, 18 September 1631 [NEHGR 65:315]; living 8 October 1662, possibly married, when named in the will of her father. (The claim has been made that Mary married James Houghton of Barnstable, and was the "Mary Haughton,widow," who made her will on 19 January 1685/6, in which she made individual bequests to each of the children of Thomas Hinckley [MD 18:134-36, citing BarnPR 1:77-78]. However, no relationship was stated with the Hinckley children, and, on the other hand, she also made a bequest to "the two eldest children of Joseph Potts my brother Edward Potts his eldest son." Since there is no known connection between the Hinckley family and any Potts family, we do not believe that the wife of James Haughton was Mary Hinckley.)
vii ELIZABETH HINCKLEY, bp. Tenterden, Kent, 10 March 1632/3 [NEHGR 65:315]; bur. there 18 June 1633 [NEHGR 65:315].
viii JOHN HINCKLEY, bp. Tenterden, Kent, 1 June 1634 [NEHGR 65:315]; d. soon.
ix ELIZABETH HINCKLEY, bp. Scituate 6 September 1635 [NEHGR 9:281]; m. Barnstable 15 July 1657 Elisha Parker [PCR 8:47].
x SAMUEL HINCKLEY, bp. Scituate 4 February 1637/8 [NEHGR 9:281]; d. soon.
xi SAMUEL HINCKLEY, bp. Scituate 10 February 1638/9 [NEHGR 9:281]; bur. Barnstable 22 March 1640/1 [NEHGR 9:285].
xii Daughter HINCKLEY; bur. Barnstable 8 July 1640 ("a daughter upon their coming hither buried unbaptized") [NEHGR 9:285].
xiii Child HINCKLEY (twin), b. late 1640 or early 1641; bur. Barnstable 6 February 1640/1 [NEHGR 9:285].
xiv Child HINCKLEY (twin), b. late 1640 or early 1641; bur. Barnstable 19 March 1640/1 [NEHGR 9:285].
xv SAMUEL HINCKLEY, b. Barnstable 4 July 1642 [PCR 8:44], bp. Barnstable 24 July 1642 [NEHGR 9:282]; m. (1) Barnstable 14 December 1664 Mary Goodspeed [MD 6:99]; m. (2) Barnstable 15 January 1668[/9?] Mary FitzRandolph [MD 6:99].
xvi JOHN HINCKLEY, b. Barnstable 24 May 1644 [PCR 8:44], bp. Barnstable 26 May 1644 [NEHGR 9:282]; m. (1) Barnstable [blank] July 1668 Bethia Lothrop [MD 6:135]; m. (2) Barnstable 24 November 1697 Mary Goodspeed [MD 14:87].

COMMENTS: On 4 December 1638, "Samuell Hinckley" was one of eight Scituate men who were "presented for receiving strangers & foreigners into their houses & lands, without license of the Governor or Assistants, or acquainting the town of Scittuate therewith" [PCR 1:106]. On 7 October 1651, the grand jury presented "Samuell Hinckley and Jonathan Hatch for hiring land of the Indians" [PCR 2:173]. On 20 October 1646, "upon complaint of Thomas Star, of Yarmouth, about fees of Court, in an action prosecuted in the Court at Yarmouth aforesaid against Samuell Hincley, the Court ordereth, that the jury repay what they have received from the said Thomas Star as their fees in that case, & that Sam[uel] Hincly pay all the [blank] belonging to the clerk of the Court" [PCR 2:109].

Thomas Hinckley, the eldest son of this immigrant, attained great prominence, serving as the last governor of Plymouth Colony, from 1681 to 1692.

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1911 Elizabeth French published wills, parish register abstracts from a number of parishes in Kent, which included the baptisms of the immigrant himself and of several of his children, and concluded with a compiled genealogy of several generations of the agnate ancestry of the immigrant [NEHGR 65:315-19]. In 1914 she added parish register entries which include the marriage of the immigrant and the baptism of his eldest child [NEHGR 68:186-89].

An excellent recent account, including facsimiles and transcriptions of important early documents, was published in 1993 by Marlene Alma Hinkley Groves [Hinckleys of Maine]. 
HINCKLEY, Samuel (I915)
137 From: The Great Migration Begins:

_____ PAINE

On 4 September 1632 "Josuah Barnes is bound as an apprentice to Mr. Paine for 5 years from his landing, for ?4 per annum wages, and ?5 at the end of his term, to be paid to him by his said master" [ MBCR 1:99].
COMMENTS: The "Mr. Paine" of this entry has not been identified, as no prominent man by that surname is known to have been resident in New England as early as 1632. Note, however, that on 6 October 1634 "John Humfry, Esq., is deputed by the Court to take depositions of the witnesses to the will of Will[ia]m Payne, lately deceased" [ MBCR 1:133]; this William Paine has not been found in other New England records.


On 8 March 1631/2 the Company of Husbandmen (or Plough Company) sent a letter to its brethren in New England covering many matters relating to the business of the company. They referred to "one Thomes Payn of Sandwige experienced in the making of salt which hath brought in ten pounds and cometh in the William & Frances whom we desire you to receive as a member of the company only in regard he hath a wife and 4 small children which he desireth to be transported 12 month hence, we have only conditionally received him that if between this and that time you do find that he will not be a more help unto the company, then his charge will be hindrance being he can bring in but ?20 more for his wife and 4 children that then he having served the company one whole year for his passage, the company shall pay him his ten pounds again and so let him shift for himself" [ WP 3:69].
COMMENTS: The records do not show whether this man actually came to New England. There is not sufficient evidence to tell whether or not he might be the same as one of the later immigrants named Thomas Paine. No evidence points to such a conclusion. 
PAINE, Thomas (I577)
138 From: The Great Migration Begins:
ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland
MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower
BIRTH: Baptized Henlow, Bedfordshire, 19 December 1571, son of Robert and Elizabeth (_____) Tilley [ TAG 52:203].
DEATH: Plymouth 1620 in the first general sickness [ Bradford 446].
MARRIAGE: Henlow 20 September 1596 Joan (Hurst) Rogers. She had married (1) Thomas Rogers.
i ROSE, bp. Henlow 23 October 1597; no further record.

ii JOHN, bp. Henlow 26 August 1599; no further record.

iii ROSE, bp. Henlow 28 February 1601/2; no further record.

iv ROBERT, bp. Henlow 25 November 1604; no further record.

v ELIZABETH, bp. Henlow 30 August 1607; m. about 1625 JOHN HOWLAND .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Tilley was the elder brother of EDWARD TILLEY , who also died in the first sickness.

COMMENTS: "John Tilley and his wife, and Elizabeth their daughter" were passengers on the Mayflower [ Bradford 442]. "John Tilley and his wife both died a little after they came ashore. And their daughter Elizabeth married with John Howland and hath issue as is before noted" [ Bradford 446].
John Tilley joined the expedition of 6 December 1620 along the coast with nine others, under the leadership of Miles Standish [ Young's Pilgrim Fathers 149].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In addition to the items noted in the sketch of EDWARD TILLEY , Robert Leigh Ward in 1985 published some additional biographical information on John Tilley [ TAG 60:171-73]. 
TILLEY, John (I466)
139 From: The Great Migration Begins:
ORIGIN: Unknown
MIGRATION: 1623 in Anne
REMOVES: Eastham
OCCUPATION: Carpenter (inventory begins with list of cooper's and carpenter's tools).
FREEMAN: In "1633" Plymouth list of freemen in close proximity to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [ PCR 1:4]; in list of 7 March 1636/7 [ PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen, then erased and moved to Eastham section of list [ PCR 8:174, 177]. In Eastham section of lists of freemen of 1658 and 29 May 1670 [ PCR 5:278, 8:201].
EDUCATION: His inventory included "a parcel of old books" valued at 4s., "a psalm book" valued at 1s., and "1 book" valued at 1s.
OFFICES: Deputy (from Eastham), 3 June 1652, 3 June 1657 [ PCR 3:9, 115]. Committee to lay out highways, 23 July 1634 [ PCR 1:31]; surveyor and supervisor of highways, 3 March 1639/40, 2 June 1640, 1 June 1647, 7 June 1653, 5 June 1671 [ PCR 1:141, 155, 2:115, 3:33, 5:58]. Committee to lay out lands, 5 May 1640 [ PCR 1:151]. Plymouth grand jury, 5 June 1638 [ PCR 1:87]; coroner's jury, 5 June 1638 [ PCR 1:88]; jury, 2 October 1637, 6 March 1637/8, 3 March 1639/40, 1 September 1640, 1 June 1641, 3 August 1641, 7 March 1642/3, 6 June 1643 [ PCR 7:7, 8, 16, 17, 20, 23, 34, 35]. Lot layer, 1 February 1640/1 [ PCR 2:7]. Excise collector, 7 June 1648 [ PCR 2:125]. Committee member, 7 June 1648, 4 June 1650 [ PCR 2:123, 154].
Eastham selectman, 7 June 1670, 5 June 1671, 5 June 1672, 3 June 1674, 1 June 1675 [ PCR 5:35, 57, 92, 143, 164]. Constable, 3 June 1662 [ PCR 4:15].
In Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [ PCR 8:189].
ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth land division granted an unknown number of acres (but almost certainly one) at Hobes Hole near the Eel River as a passenger on the Anne [ PCR 12:6]. In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division "Nickolas Snow" and Constance Snow were the sixth and seventh persons in the seventh company (headed by Stephen Hopkins) [ PCR 12:11].
Assessed 18s. in the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 and 12s. in the list of 27 March 1634 [ PCR 1:10, 27].
Assigned mowing ground, 20 March 1636/7 [ PCR 1:57]; requested more hay ground, 2 July 1638 [ PCR 1:90]. He was one of the purchasers [ PCR 2:177].
On 7 May 1638 Nicholas Snow was one of a group of men desiring "lands towards the Six Mile Brooke" [ PCR 1:83], and on 7 August 1638 he requested "5 or 6 acres of land lying on the north side the lands granted lately to Mr. Atwood" [ PCR 1:93]. On 6 July 1638 Nicholas Snow acknowledged that he sold to Samuell Eddy his house and garden in Plymouth where he "now dwelleth" [ PCR 12:31].
Granted ten acres meadow in the South Meadows, 2 November 1640 [ PCR 1:166]. About March 1645/6 Nicholas Snow sold his house and buildings and upland, with two acres of meadow at High Pines and ten acres of upland meadow at Colebrook meadows, totalling fifty-two acres to Thomas Morton [ PCR 12:134]. On 10 March 1645[/6] Nicholas Snow sold one acre to Nathaniel Morton [ PCR 12:135]. In an account of liquors brought into Eastham, dated 28 November 1664, Nicholas Snow was responsible for one and a half gallons of liquor [ PCR 4:100].
In his will, dated 14 November 1676 and proved 5 March 1676/7, "Nicholas Snow of Eastham being weak and infirm of body" bequeathed to "my son Marke Snow" all twenty acres of upland lying at Namskekitt where his house now stands, and two acres of meadow and all that broken marsh at Namscekett and two thirds of "my great lot at Satuckett"; to "my son Joseph Snow I give that other third part of my great lot at Satuckett, and two acres and an half of meadow lying at Namscekett near the head and an neck of upland"; to "my son Steven Snow I give twenty acres on the southside of my great lot at Pochett, and ten acres of my little lot at Satuckett ... an acre and an half of meadow at the boat meadow ... and that part of my meadow at the great meadow that lyeth between Josiah Cooke and the Eel creek"; to "my son John Snow I give all that my land at Paomett purchased or unpurchased ... and all my right and title or privilege there"; to "my son Jabez Snow I give all this my land lying between my house and my son Thomas Paine's, and seven acres at the Bass pond ... and an half acre of marsh at the end of it and six acres of upland at the Herring pond, and an acre and half of meadow at Silver spring ... and that part of my house he lives in as long as my wife or I do live ... and two acres of meadow at the Great Meadow"; to "my son Jabez I give that my four acres of meadow at Billinsgate due to me yet unlaid out"; "my meadow about my house I give to my son Jabez"; to "my loving wife Constant Snow all my stock of cattle, sheep, horses, swine, whatsoever, to be at her disposal for the comfort and support of her life, with all the moveable goods I am possessed of and after her decease, stock and movables to be equally divided amongst all my children ... the use and disposal of the part of my house she now dwells in during her lifetime, and after her decease to be my son Jabez Snow's"; to "my loving wife that ten acres of upland at Pochett and twenty on Billinsgate Iland, for her disposal for the comfort of her life, but if she need it now, and leave it undisposed, I give it then to my son Steven Snow"; "twenty acres of upland at Billingsgate if my wife leave it undisposed, then to be my son Jabez Snow's"; to "the church of Eastham for the furniture of the Table of the Lord, with pewter or other necessaries, I say I do give 10s. out of my estate after my wife's decease" [ MD 3:167-69, citing PCPR 3:2:71-72].
The undated inventory of the estate of Nicholas Snow of Eastham totalled ?102 10s. 9d., with no real estate included [ MD 3:169-74, citing PCPR 3:2:73-77].
On 6 March 1676/7 letters of administration were granted to Constant Snow, Mark Snow and John Snow, on the estate of Nicholas Snow, deceased [ PCR 5:220].

BIRTH: Possibly the Nicholas Snow, son of Nicholas Snow, baptized St. Leonard's Shoreditch, London, 25 January 1599/1600 [ TAG 14:229].

DEATH: Eastham 15 November 1676 [ MD 6:203].

MARRIAGE: By 1627 Constance Hopkins, daughter of STEPHEN HOPKINS [ MF 6:9-10]. She died at Eastham in the middle of October 1677 [ MD 6:203].

i MARK, b. Plymouth 9 May 1628 [ MD 7:14]; m. (1) Eastham 18 January 1654[/5] Anna Cooke [ MD 7:14], daughter of JOSIAH COOKE; m. (2) Eastham 9 January 1660[/1] Jane Prence [ MD 7:14], daughter of THOMAS PRENCE [ MF 6:14-15].

ii MARY, b. say 1630; m. say 1650 Thomas Paine (called "my son" in Nicholas Snow's will; she was probably the "one married" in 1651 as described by Bradford).

iii SARAH, b. say 1632; m. Eastham 25 February 1654 William Walker [ PCR 8:15].

iv JOSEPH, b. say 1634; m. say 1670 Mary _____ [ NEHGR 47:83].

v STEPHEN, b. say 1636; m. (1) Eastham 28 October 1663 Susanna (Deane) Rogers, widow of Joseph Rogers and daughter of STEPHEN DEANE [ MD 8:15, 31:37-41 (as George Bowman notes, the alternate marriage date for this couple must be in error); TAG 42:200]; m. (2) Eastham 9 April 1701 Mary Bigford [ MD 6:14].

vi JOHN, b. say 1638; m. Eastham 19 September 1667 Mary Smalley [ MD 7:17], daughter of JOHN SMALLEY .

vii ELIZABETH, b. say 1640; m. Eastham 13 December 1665 Thomas Rogers [ MD 6:14], son of Joseph Rogers and grandson of THOMAS ROGERS [ MF 2:160].

viii JABEZ, b. say 1642; m. say 1670 as her first husband Elizabeth _____ [ NEHGR 47:83].

ix RUTH, b. say 1644; m. Eastham 10 December 1666 John Cole [ PCR 8:57].

x Child, b. say 1646; living 1651 [ Bradford 445]; no further record.

xi Child, b. say 1648; living 1651 [ Bradford 445]; no further record.

xii Child, b. say 1650; living 1651 [ Bradford 445]; no further record.

COMMENTS: Bradford, in describing the family of STEPHEN HOPKINS in 1651, stated that "His daughter Constanta is also married and hath twelve children, all of them living and one of them married" [ Bradford 445]. (In 1893 Mrs. M.L.T. Alden suggested that two of the children who are implied by Bradford's accounting but do not otherwise appear in the records were Hannah and Rebecca "on the authority of Davis's Landmarks of Plymouth. Both married Rickards" [ NEHGR 47:83]; she cites no evidence.)
In January 1634/5 the Plymouth court noted that "The servant of Nicolas Snow was willing to serve out his time with John Cooper, according to the tenor of his indenture" [ PCR 1:33]. This servant was not the same as Twiford West who, after brief service with Nicholas Snow, agreed on 12 February 1635/6 to return to Edward Winslow, with whom he had originally made his indenture [ PCR 1:37].
Nicholas Snow and others were presented 1 December 1640 for failing to mend the highways [ PCR 2:5].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1893 Mrs. M.L.T. Alden published a substantial article on Nicholas Snow and his children [ NEHGR 47:81-84, 186-89, 48:71-73]. In 1948 Donald Lines Jacobus prepared an account of Nicholas Snow and a line of descent through his son Stephen [ Brainerd Anc 270-72]. 
SNOW, Nicholas (I607)
140 From: The Great Migration Begins:
ORIGIN: Unknown
REMOVES: Scituate 1634, Barnstable 1639
OCCUPATION: Tavernkeeper. Licensed to draw wine at Barnstable 5 June 1644 [ PCR 2:73].
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: "Goodman Cob and his wife" were members #7 and #8, admitted at the founding of Scituate church on 8 January 1634/5 [ NEHGR 9:279]. "Decemb. 15, 1635 our Brother Cobb was invested into the office of a Deacon" at Scituate [ NEHGR 10:37]. Ordained ruling elder of Barnstable church, 14 April 1670 [Cobb Gen, citing BarnChR 1:1].
FREEMAN: In the "1633" Plymouth list of freemen near others admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [ PCR 1:4]; in 7 March 1636/7 list of freemen [ PCR 1:53]. Initially entered in Scituate portion of 1639 list of Plymouth Colony freemen, then transferred to Barnstable section [ PCR 8:175, 177]. In Barnstable section of 1658 and 29 May 1670 lists of Plymouth freemen [ PCR 5:277, 8:200].
EDUCATION: Signed his name to coroner's jury findings [ PCR 3:147]. His inventory included "books" valued at 24s.
OFFICES: Deputy for Barnstable, 5 June 1644, 3 March 1645/6, 7 July 1646 (fined for "defect in appearance" 4s. [ PCR 2:106]), 1 June 1647, 7 June 1652, 7 June 1659, 6 June 1660, 2 October 1660, 4 June 1661, 3 June 1662 [ PCR 2:72, 95, 104, 117; 3:9, 162, 187, 198, 214; 4:14]. Coroner's jury, 5 June 1658 [ PCR 3:147]. Plymouth petit jury, 4 June 1639, 3 September 1639, 3 December 1639, 3 March 1639/40, 1 September 1640, 2 March 1640/1, 17 June 1641, 7 September 1642, 6 June 1649, 6 June 1650 [ PCR 7:12-15, 18, 19, 21, 32, 46, 49; 2:140]. Excise collector for Barnstable, 8 June 1664 [ PCR 4:67].
In Barnstable section of 1643 Plymouth list of men able to bear arms [ PCR 8:193]. Committee for defense of Barnstable, 10 October 1643 [ PCR 2:65].
ESTATE: Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [ PCR 1:11, 29].
In the compilation of houses in Scituate prepared by Rev. John Lothrop, "Goodman Cobbe's" house is seventh on the list, among those in place before September 1634; this is annotated "now Goodman Rowlye's" and "now Goodman Vinall's," perhaps indicating that there were two houses on this lot, or perhaps implying that Rowley purchased the house from Cobb and then sold it to Vinall. Later in the list, at position #32, among houses built in 1636, is "Brother Cobb's, on his lot," this being his second residence in Scituate, and probably the lot that he sold to Manasseh Kempton when he removed to Barnstable.
On 1 December 1640 "Henry Cob" sold to "Manasseth Kempton" of Plymouth his house in Scituate with twelve acres of upland with the parcel of meadow lying before the house and fourscore acres of upland in the fourth lot by North River, with a parcel of marsh meadow of about twelve acres [ PCR 12:65].
One of five men "granted liberty to view and to purchase a tract of land at Saconeesett," 7 June 1659 [ PCR 3:164, 208, 216].
In his will, dated 4 April 1678 and proved 3 June 1679, "Henery Cobb" of Barnstable, though "weak in body," bequeathed to "my son James Cobb" my great lot in Barnstable; to "my sons John, James, Gershom and Eliezer" half my lands at Suconeesett equally divided between them "and 40s. being in the hand of my son James for my son Eliezer's part"; to "Sarah my dear and loving wife during her natural life" my new dwelling house and all the rest of my lands; at Sarah's decease, to "my son Samuel" my dwelling house and two acres of upland, and an acre and a half of my marsh which I bought with his stock in partnership with my son James; to "my sons Samuel, Jonathan and Henry" residue of lands equally; to "my sons John, Gershom and Eliezer" one shilling each; to "my daughters Mary, Hannah and Patience" one shilling each; to "my daughter Sarah" my second best bed and furniture; residue to Sarah "my loving wife and sole executrix." Codicil dated 22 February 1678[/9]: "my son Samuel" shall have only two acres of my upland after my wife's decease and all the rest of my lands equally divided between my "three sons Samuel, Jonathan and Henry"; Henry to have my house after my wife's decease and his part of the land to lie most convenient to the house, only my lands at the Island equally divided between my three sons; "my son James to dry thatch on half an acre of the Island when the English corn is taken off..." [transcribed in full in Cobb Gen 14-15, citing PCPR 4:1:22-23].
The inventory of the estate of "Elder Henery Cobb Late of Barnstable" was undated and untotalled and included "a house land and meadow" valued at ?80. He also owned part of a "thachboate" [transcribed in full in Cobb Gen 16-17, citing PCPR 4:1:23].
On 2 March 1679/80, administration of the estate of Sarah Cobb was granted to Mr. Thomas Hinckley and Samuel Cobb, who were "with the advice and help of their friends and relations, to make a distribution of the estate amongst the children, still having a special respect therein to the youngest children, for their best good" [ PCR 6:32].
BIRTH: By about 1607 based on approximated date of first marriage.
DEATH: Barnstable between 22 February 1678[/9] (writing of codicil) and 3 June 1679 (proving of will).
MARRIAGE: (1) By 1632 Patience Hurst, daughter of JAMES HURST (his will names Cobb grandchildren); she was buried Barnstable 4 May 1648 "the first that was buried in our new burying place by our meeting house" [ PCR 8:42; NEHGR 9:285].
(2) Barnstable 12 December 1649 Sarah Hinckley [ PCR 8:42; NEHGR 9:287]; she was admitted to Barnstable church 20 January 1649/50 [ NEHGR 9:281]; she died before 2 March 1679/80 [ PCR 6:32].
With first wife

i JOHN, b. Plymouth 7 June 1632 [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73]; m. Plymouth 28 April 1658 Martha Nelson [ PCR 8:17].

ii JAMES, b. Plymouth 14 January 1634[/5] [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73]; m. Barnstable 26 December 1663 Sarah Lewis [ MD 3:73].

iii MARY, b. Scituate 24 March 1636/7 [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73]; bp. Scituate 26 March 1637 [ NEHGR 9:281]; m. Plymouth 15 October 1657 as his second wife Jonathan Dunham [ PCR 8:17], son of JOHN DUNHAM [ TAG 30:145].

iv HANNAH, b. Scituate 5 October 1639 [ MD 3:73]; bp. Scituate 5 October 1639 [ NEHGR 9:281]; m. Barnstable 9 May 1661 Edward Lewis [ MD 10:250].

v PATIENCE, b. Barnstable "about 15 of March 1641 [ sic ]" [ MD 3:73] or "about the 19th of March 164 [sic]" [ PCR 8:42]; bp. Barnstable 13 March 1641/2 [ NEHGR 9:282]; m. (1) Barnstable "beginning August 1667" Robert Parker [ MD 11:100], as his second wife; she m. (2) after 1 June 1685 William Crocker and d. Barnstable 23 October 1727 [ NEHGR 112:190-97].

vi GERSHOM, b. Barnstable " about" 10 January 1644/5 [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73]; bp. Barnstable 12 January 1644/5 [ NEHGR 9:283]; bur. Swansea 24 June 1675 [ PCR 8:61]; unmarried (division of his estate to brothers and sisters [ PCR 5:180]).

vii ELIEZER, b. Barnstable "about" 30 March 1648 [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73]; bp. Barnstable 2 April 1648 [ NEHGR 9:283]; residing in Barnstable in 1703, apparently unmarried [ Otis 1:172].

With second wife

viii MEHITABLE, b. Barnstable 1 September 1651 [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73]; bp. Barnstable 7 September 1651 [ NEHGR 9:284]; bur. Barnstable 8 March 1651/2 [ PCR 8:42; NEHGR 9:286].

ix SAMUEL, b. Barnstable 12 October 1654 [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73]; m. Barnstable 20 December 1680 Elizabeth [blank] [ MD 3:73], said to be Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of Richard Taylor [ Otis 1:173].

x SARAH, b. Barnstable 15 January 1658 and bur. there 25 January 1658 [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73].

xi JONATHAN, b. Barnstable 10 April 1660 [ PCR 8:42; MD 3:73]; m. Barnstable 1 March 1682/3 Hope (Chipman) Huckins [ MD 3:149], daughter of John Chipman and widow of John Huckins.

xii SARAH, b. Barnstable 10 March 1662/3 [ MD 3:73]; m. Barnstable 27 December 1686 Samuel Chipman [ MD 4:121].

xiii HENRY, b. Barnstable 3 September 1665 [ MD 3:73]; m. Barnstable 10 April 1690 Lois Hallet [ MD 3:73].

xiv MEHITABLE, b. Barnstable 15 February 1667 [ MD 3:73]; no further record.

xv EXPERIENCE (daughter), b. Barnstable 11 September 1671 [ MD 3:73]; no further record.

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Henry Cobb and his family were treated in detail by Philip L. Cobb early in this century [A History of the Cobb Family, Part 1 (Cleveland 1907), cited above as Cobb Gen]. This genealogy is to be commended for including full transcripts of many records for the early generations, while at the same time avoiding the many legends and traditional tales typical of volumes published in that era. (See also Otis 1:166-79.)
COBB, Henry (I898)
141 From: The Great Migration Begins:
ORIGIN: Unknown
REMOVES: Sandwich 1638, Yarmouth by 1643
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Admission to Lynn church prior to 14 May 1634 implied by freemanship.
FREEMAN: 14 May 1634 [ MBCR 1:369]. Oath of fidelity at Sandwich, 1639 (as "Mr. Will[ia]m Edge") [ PCR 8:184].
EDUCATION: Signed his will.
OFFICES: Essex petit jury, 27 March 1638 [ EQC 1:7].
Chosen Yarmouth constable, 4 June 1650 [ PCR 2:153]. Committee to lay out highway from Sandwich to Plymouth, 24 February 1652[/3] [ PCR 3:61-62]. Plymouth grand jury, 7 June 1659 [ PCR 3:162]. Coroner's jury, October 1659 [ PCR 3:172].
In Yarmouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms (as "Will[ia]m Edge") [ PCR 8:194]. "Mr. Will[i]am Hedge" chosen ensign of the Yarmouth military company [ PCR 3:38]. Ordered to exercise military company at Yarmouth, 7 August 1655 [ PCR 3:87]. "Ensign Will[i]am Hedge" appointed to colony council of war, 2 October 1658 [ PCR 3:153]. Appointed captain of the military company of Yarmouth, 2 August 1659 [ PCR 3:169], and again on 3 June 1662 [ PCR 4:15].
ESTATE: On 16 April 1640 "Mr. Edge" received fourteen acres in the court-ordered division of meadow at Sandwich [ PCR 1:149].
On 29 August 1643 concerning "the difference betwixt Mr. Hedge and Richard Hore, of Yarmouth, for the meadow ground at Yarmouth, first given to the church there, the Court doth order that the said six acres shall so remain to the church according to the first grant, and that Mr. Hedge may take his remedy against him or them that sold him the same, being formerly disposed of to the church as aforesaid" [ PCR 2:62].
In his will, dated 30 June 1670 and proved 11 August 1670, "William Hedge Senior in Yarmouth ... being weak of body" bequeathed to "my beloved son Abraham Hedge this now my dwelling house with all the household stuff ... and all my land that belongeth to my dwelling house, and also all my lands, both upland and meadow that I have in the Prime Field"; to "my beloved son Elisha Hedge my neck of land and meadows belonging thereunto provided that he pay his brother, my son William, ?5"; to "my beloved son William ?40 in debts and my best suit of clothes and my best hat"; to "my beloved son John ?50 and my next suit of clothes and my brass musket and my rapier and belt and two mares and two colts"; to "my beloved son Elemuell ?50 and two mares and two colts"; to "my beloved daughter Sarah Mathews" ?5; to "my beloved daughter Elizabeth Barnes" ?5; to "my beloved daughter Mary Sturgis" ?40; to "my beloved daughter Marcye" ?50; "to my beloved sister Brookes ?30 that is of mine in Virginia that is due to me from Brother Brookes, deceased, likewise it is my mind and will that my sister Brookes shall have her livelihood amongst my children so long as she continues a widow"; "my beloved son Elisha" sole executor; "my beloved friends Mr. Thomas Thornton, Mr. Edmond Hawes and Richard Tayler" overseers; "whereas Blanch, my wife, hath dealt falsely with me in the covenant of marriage in departing from me, therefore I do in this my last will ... give her 12d. and also what I have received of hers my will is shall be returned to her again" [ MD 18:252, citing PCPR 3:20].
Administration on the estate of "Captain Will[i]am Hedge lately deceased" was granted to Elisha Hedge on 11 August 1670 [ PCR 5:47]. The inventory of the estate of "Captain William Hedge of Yarmouth late deceased" was taken 15 July 1670 and totalled ?487 16s., including no real estate [ MD 18:252, citing PCPR 3:21].
BIRTH: About 1612, son of Elisha and Ann (Ward) Hedge (his parents married Middleton Cheney, Northamptonshire, 12 July 1610 [ NEHGR 111:319] and the immigrant was admitted to freemanship on 14 May 1634).
DEATH: Yarmouth between 30 June 1670 (date of will) and 5 July 1670 (court order to bring in will and inventory [ PCR 5:43]).
MARRIAGE: (1) By about 1640 _____ _____; she died after about 1658 and by about 1667.
(2) After 1667 Blanche (_____) Hull, widow of Tristram Hull; she deserted him before 30 June 1670.
With first wife

i ABRAHAM, b. say 1640; named in father's will, 30 June 1670; sued by Francis Baker, 27 October 1680 [ PCR 7:230; see also PCR 5:111]; no further record.

ii ELISHA, b. about 1642 (d. Yarmouth 17 May 1732 "in his 91st year" [ YarVR 809]); m. by 1666 Mary _____ (eldest child b. 30 November 1666 [ YarVR 6]). (Mary is said to be daughter of Edward Sturgis, but see COMMENTS below.)

iii SARAH, b. say 1645; m. by about 1668 James Matthews (although the birth dates of his children, and therefore his approximate marriage date, are quite uncertain).

iv ELIZABETH, b. Yarmouth 21 May 1647 [ PCR 8:3]; m. Plymouth 4 January 1665[/6] Jonathan Barnes [ PCR 8:31], son of JOHN BARNES .

v MARY, b. Yarmouth 24 [February?] 1648[/9?] [ PCR 8:7]; m. (1) by about 1667 Samuel Sturges; m. (2) Yarmouth 1 October 1679 as his third wife John Coggeshall [ YarVR 17], son of JOHN COGGESHALL . Mary died Newport 22 August 1731 in her 83rd year.

vi WILLIAM, b. say 1651; m. by 1682/3 Elizabeth _____. (Elizabeth is said to be daughter of Edward Sturgis, but see COMMENTS below.)

vii JOHN, b. say 1653; named in father's will, 30 June 1670; no further record.

viii LEMUEL, b. say 1655; named in father's will, 30 June 1670; no further record.

ix MERCY, b. say 1658; on 4 July 1673 Plymouth court authorized Lt. Thomas Howes of Yarmouth as guardian of "Marcye Hedge" [ PCPR 5:124]; no further record. (Some sources state that Mercy married first Elkanah Watson and second John Freeman. In 1935 George Ernest Bowman demonstrated that the widow of Elkanah Watson did marry John Freeman, but he could find no evidence that she was Mercy Hedges [ MD 33:100-14].)

ASSOCIATIONS: Sister Brooks, mentioned in his will, is not otherwise named in Yarmouth records, but may be the "Rebecca Hedge, daughter of the said Elisha," named in the will of Elisha's father, Thomas Hedge, citizen and merchant tailor of London [ Waters 140-42].
The marriage at Boston on 20 December 1657 of Tristram Hedges and Anne Nickerson is an intriguing one [ BVR 62]. William Hedges did not have a son Tristram, but his second wife was widow of Tristram Hull. Although the marriage took place in Boston, Anne Nickerson was daughter of William Nickerson of Chatham, and therefore a near neighbor of William Hedges on Cape Cod. This conjunction of names may be mere coincidence, but deserves further investigation.
Several of the marriages of the children of William Hedges are difficult to substantiate, and this is in part a consequence of the connections with the Sturgis family, which is very poorly documented. In his will William Hedges named a daughter Mary Sturgis, and she is identified as wife of Samuel Sturgis principally because there is no other available Sturgis with wife Mary; in addition, Mr. Elisha Hedge is one of those who was supposed to assist the widow Mary Sturgis in settling the estate of Samuel Sturgis [ PCR 5:160]. Most sources claim that Elisha and William Hedges married Mary and Elizabeth Sturgis, but there is no direct evidence for this, and the known marriage of Mary Sturgis to one of the sons of Edward Sturgis is sufficient to explain other associations between the two families [Roger Faxton Sturgis, Edward Sturgis of Yarmouth, Massachusetts, 1613-1695 and His Descendants (Boston 1914), pp. 10-18].
COMMENTS: Pope has assigned the 1634 record of freemanship to William Hedges of Taunton, but this was a different man, who was made free in Plymouth Colony on 5 June 1651 [ PCR 2:141, 167]. William of Sandwich and Yarmouth was consistently called "Mr.," while William of Taunton was not.
On 28 March 1637 in Essex Quarter Court, "Wm. Hedg" had a suit against Ensign Walker and Mr. Edward Tomlins [ EQC 1:5], both of the latter being early settlers of Lynn.
Savage includes this note in his account of William Hedge: "A soldier in the Pequot war, with this surname, whose name of baptism is not found, either in Vincent, Underhill, or Mason, the narrators, who served with him, is very well mentioned and the first writer (who probably spoke with confidence), calls him a gentleman of Northamptonshire" [ Savage 2:400]. All the particulars of this description fit William Hedges of Lynn, Sandwich and Yarmouth.
On 5 November 1638 "William Edge, gent.," assigned to Thomas Prence "all his right and interest in the service of Rob[er]t Wickson [ PCR 1:102]. On 4 December 1638 "Mr. Hedge" was one of eleven Sandwich men pre~sented at Plymouth court "for keeping swine unringed" [ PCR 1:107].
On 6 March 1648/9 "Mr. William Hedge, of the town of Yarmouth," was presented for "letting an Indian have a gun, and powder, and shot," and "the wife of Mr. Hedge, of Yarmouth," was presented "for receiving of stolen goods" [ PCR 2:137]. On 6 March 1649/50 "Mr. William Hedge, of Yarmouth," successfully sued Robert Nash of Boston [ PCR 7:47]. On 5 October 1652 "William Hedge, of Yarmouth," was presented "for selling wine and strong waters without license" [ PCR 3:17].
On 2 October 1658 "Mr. Will[i]am Hedge being presented for threatening to have the blood of Edward Sturgis, upon some small difference betwixt them, the Court do censure him to pay to the country's use the sum of ten shillings" [ PCR 3:150].
On 9 August 1662 "Mr. Hedge" brought into Yarmouth "about fifteen gallons of liquors, ten pounds of powder, and half an hundred of lead," and on 19 September he brought in another ten gallons of liquor [ PCR 4:28]. He imported more liquor and ammunition in 1663 [ PCR 4:52].
On 6 April 1674 "Quachattasett, sachem of Manomett [Chatham]," sold to "Will Hedge or Webaquequan of Koomasabunkawitt" land at Breakheart Hill [ PCR 12:226-27]; the grantee may have assumed the name of Mr. William Hedge of Yarmouth. 
HEDGE, Captain William (I461)
142 From: The Great Migration Begins:
ORIGIN: Unknown
REMOVES: Eastham by 1653
FREEMAN: In "1633" Plymouth list of freemen, in close proximity to others admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [ PCR 1:4]. In 7 March 1636/7 Plymouth list of freemen [ PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of 1639 list of freemen, and in Eastham section of 1658 list [ PCR 8:174, 202].
EDUCATION: He signed his name to an agreement regarding the Kennebec trade, 6 October 1659 [ PCR 3:171]. His inventory included "a Bible [and] 2 small books" valued at 10s.
OFFICES: Deputy from Eastham to Plymouth General Court, 6 April 1653, 8 June 1655, 3 June 1656 [ PCR 3:24, 79, 99]. Grand jury, 4 June 1639, 6 June 1643, 7 June 1653, 7 June 1659 [ PCR 1:126, 2:56, 3:32, 162]. Jury, 3 March 1639/40, 1 September 1640, 1 February 1640/1, 1 June 1641, 6 July 1641, 6 September 1641, 7 December 1641, 7 June 1642, 7 November 1643, 3 March 1644/5, 28 October 1645, 7 July 1646, 2 March 1646/7, 7 June 1648, 3 October 1648, 6 March 1648/9, 29 October 1649, 6 March 1649/50, 6 June 1650, 2 October 1650, 4 March 1650/1, 7 June 1651, 4 June 1652, 4 June 1657 [ PCR 2:7, 112, 126, 7:16, 18, 20, 22-23, 25, 28, 31, 36, 40-43, 45-47, 49, 52-54, 60, 83]. Petit jury, 1 June 1647, 4 October 1648 of life and death for Allice Bishope [ PCR 2:117, 134]. Coroner's jury, 5 June 1638, 1 August 1648 on the body of a child of Allis Bishop [ PCR 1:88, 2:132]; committee to survey land, 5 May 1640 [ PCR 1:152]; committee on Kennebec trade, 3 October 1659 [ PCR 3:170-71].
Plymouth constable, 3 March 1639/40, 2 June 1640, 7 March 1642/3 [ PCR 1:141, 155, 2:53]; highway surveyor, 3 March 1639/40, 2 June 1640, 4 June 1645, 1 June 1647, 7 June 1648 [ PCR 1:141, 155, 2:84, 116, 124]; tax collector, 4 June 1650 [ PCR 2:155].
Eastham surveyor of highways, 1 June 1658 [ PCR 3:136].
In Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [ PCR 8:188].
ESTATE: Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [ PCR 1:11, 28].
On 7 November 1636 granted six acres at Plymouth "to belong to their dwelling houses there, & not to be sold from their houses" [ PCR 1:46]. On 5 March 1637/8 granted forty acres "at the north end of Fresh Lake, and a parcel of marsh for meadow lying on the south side of Fresh Lake" [ PCR 1:78]. On 1 June 1640, granted five acres of meadow [ PCR 1:154]. On 2 November 1640 granted five acres at Lakenham [ PCR 1:166].
On 12 January 1639/40 John Barnes of Plymouth sold to Richard Sparrow of the same four two-year-old steers and one three-year-old bull, for ?83 [ PCR 1:138]; Richard Sparrow immediately sold the bull and two of the steers to Josias Winslow of Plymouth, for ?50 [ PCR 1:139]. On 16 September 1641 Richard Sparrow was granted two acres of meadow ground at Wood Island "which was Mris Fullers" [ PCR 2:25]. He was granted a parcel of upland 7 December 1641 [ PCR 2:29]. On 17 October 1642 he was granted four acres of upland at the head of Mr. Hicks's field [ PCR 2:48]
In 1653 (day and month not given) Richard Sparrow of Eastham sold to George Bonum of Plymouth "all that his house and garden plot on which the house standeth being scituate in Plymouth aforesaid in the South Street near the mill together with six acres of upland ... in the new field" [ MD 3:138-39, citing PCLR 2:1:69]. (This same transaction was entered again under date of 22 November 1656 [ MD 10:215, citing PCLR 2:1:183]. On 4 June 1657 "Richard Sparrow of Eastham, planter," sold to Giles Rickard Sr. of Plymouth, weaver, "a parcel of upland meadow in the meadow commonly called Doten's Meadow in the township of Plymouth aforesaid containing five acres" [ MD 11:18, citing PCLR 2:1:191].
On 6 October 1657 Richard Sparrow and others were allowed to claim lands about thirteen English miles from Rehoboth [ PCR 3:123]. On 1 June 1658 he was granted a portion of land between Bridgewater and Weymouth [ PCR 3:142].
On 4 October 1658 Richard Sparrow of Eastham, planter, sold to Abraham Sampson of Duxbury, carpenter, "a parcel of marsh meadow containing three acres and three quarters or thereabouts ... lying on the east side of the great wood island in the township of Marshfield ... whereof two acres of the said three acres and three quarters was at first granted to Joshua Pratt and by him sold to Josias Cooke, and by him sold to Richard Sparrow; and the other acre and three quarters granted to Mistress Bridgett Fuller and exchanged with Richard Sparrow for two acres in Dotie's Meadow"; "the wife of the said Richard Sparrow hath given her consent" [ MD 13:141-42, citing PCLR 2:2:11].
In his will, dated 19 November 1660 and proved 5 March 1660/1, Richard Sparrow bequeathed to "Pandora my loving wife my dwelling house and housing with my garden plot adjacent in the Township of Eastham during her life and then to belong to Jonathan Sparrow my son" (along with some movables); "as for my uplands at Poche and my meadow ground ... the one half I have already given to Jonathan my son and the other half ... I give to John Sparrow my grandchild as his propere inheritance only my wife to have the use of my meadow or as much as she shall need during her life"; "whatsoever land shall befall to me from the country as my right it being purchased I give to John Sparrow my grandchild; "to the church of Eastham one ewe sheep to be disposed of according to the discretion of my overseers"; to "Pressila Sparrow my grandchild one ewe sheep to be improved in a small stock for her, and the rest of my ewe sheep I give to John and Rebecca Sparrow my grandchildren to be improved as a stock for them; to "Jonathan Sparrow my son my great cloth coat, and for the rest of my wearing apparel, my wife to dispose of them as she see cause"; wife Pandora and son Jonathan to be executors; friends and brethren Mr. Thomas Prence of Eastham, Mr. Thomas Willett of Rehoboth and Lieutenant Thomas Southworth of Plymouth to be overseers; residue of estate to be equally divided between wife and son [ MD 12:57-58, citing PCPR 2:2:66].
The inventory of the estate of Richard Sparrow was taken 22 January 1660/1 and totalled ?85, with no real estate included [ MD 12:58, citing PCPR 2:2:67].
BIRTH: By about 1605 based on estimated date of marriage.
DEATH: Eastham 8 January 1660/1 [ MD 6:203; see also MD 8:4].
MARRIAGE: By about 1629 Pandora _____ (assuming she was mother of Jonathan); she survived her husband. (According to some sources, in "1665 the widow [Pandora] and son [Jonathan] sold the Eastham home and removed to what is now East Orleans where Pandora probably died" [ Dawes-Gates 2:765, citing CCL 32:3]; this transaction is not recorded in the Plymouth Colony land records.)
i JONATHAN, b. say 1629; m. (1) Eastham 26 October 1654 Rebecca Bangs [ PCR 8:15], daughter of EDWARD BANGS ; m. (2) by 1671 (and probably by 1669) Hannah (Prence) Mayo, daughter of THOMAS PRENCE and widow of Nathaniel Mayo [ MD 14:193-203]; m. (3) Barnstable 23 November 1698 Sarah (Lewis) Cobb, daughter of George Lewis and widow of James Cobb (son of HENRY COBB ) [ MD 14:87; TAG 68:26].

COMMENTS: On 24 June 1639 "Mary Moorecock hath of her own voluntary will, with consent of her father-in-law, Thomas Whitton, put herself apprentice with Richard Sparrow, of Plymouth, and Pandora, his wife," for a term of nine years [ PCR 1:128-29].
On 5 November 1638 "Richard Sparrow, of Plymouth, yeo[man]," was surety for William Burne (i.e., Bourne) of Duxbury [ PCR 1:101]. On 7 December 1641 he was one of eight men who brought various actions against James Luxford, primarily for trespass [ PCR 7:27]. On 2 October 1650 Richard Sparrow was censured for failing to report the theft of corn from his barn and for "concealing of the aforesaid act of Tho. Shereve, upon an engagement so to do unless called before authority" [ PCR 2:162-63]. Sparrow won an action 7 March 1653/4 against Nathaniel Mayo for defamation [ PCR 7:69]. On 5 October 1656 Captain Myles Standish brought suit against Richard Sparrow of Eastham, in behalf of Elizabeth Hopkins, charging that Sparrow had not performed the terms of an agreement concerning Elizabeth [ PCR 7:80]. On 6 October 1657 Richard Sparrow won his suit against Ralph Smith for taking away a piece of timber, though having been forbidden, and refusing to give it back [ PCR 7:84].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: George Ernest Bowman took a special interest in the Sparrow family, and published a number of articles on the immigrant and his son [ MD 11:231-34, 12:57-60, 14:1-5, 193-203].
In 1931 Mary Walton Ferris published a typically thorough study of Richard Sparrow and his son Jonathan [ Dawes-Gates 2:763-68], and in 1960 Donald Lines Jacobus also prepared a briefer account [ Ackley-Bosworth 41-42]. 
SPARROW, Richard (I581)
143 From: The Great Migration Begins:
(Vol. 12)
ORIGIN: London.

MIGRATION: 1635 on the James of Southampton (on or about 5 April 1635, "Edmund Hawes, cutler, late of London," was included in the passenger list of the James, about to sail from Southampton for New England [Drake's Founders 56]).


REMOVES: Yarmouth 1643.

OCCUPATION: Cutler (in England) (on 14 February 1626[/7?], "Edmond Hawes, son of Edmond Hawes of Solihull in the County of Warwick, gentleman," was bound as an apprentice in the Company of Cutlers [Edmond Hawes Gen 136, citing Company of Cutlers, "Book of Apprentices' Bindings, 1575-1626, p. 106"]; on 9 December 1634, "Edmund Hawes, the apprentice of Edmund Warnet sworn free cutler" [Edmond Hawes Gen 137, citing Company of Cutlers, "Minute Book of the Court of Assistants, 1602-1667, folio 285a"]).

FREEMAN: In Duxbury section of 1639 Plymouth Colony oath of fidelity list (name crossed out) [PCR 8:182]. Admitted freeman 3 March 1644/5 and then added to the Yarmouth section of the 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen [PCR 2:80, 8:176]. In Yarmouth section of 1658, 29 May 1670 and 4 June 1689 Plymouth Colony lists of freemen [PCR 5:276, 8:200, 206].

OFFICES: Deputy for Yarmouth to Plymouth Colony General Court, 28 October 1645, 3 March 1645/6, 7 July 1646, 1 June 1647, 7 June 1648, 8 June 1649, 5 June 1651, 7 June 1653, 7 March 1653/4, 6 June 1654, 1 August 1654, 8 June 1655, 3 June 1656, 3 June 1657, 1 June 1658, 3 October 1659, 6 June 1660 (absent), 2 October 1660, 4 June 1661, 7 June 1665, 3 June 1674, 1 June 1675 [PCR 2:94, 95, 104, 117, 123, 144, 168, 3:32, 44, 49, 63, 79, 99, 115, 135, 170, 187, 198, 214, 4:90, 5:144, 165]. Plymouth Colony auditor of accounts, 10 June 1658, 16 June 1664, 9 June 1665, 7 June 1674 [PCR 8:93, 110, 113, 141]. Committee on excise, 2 June 1646, 7 July 1646, 1 June 1647, 7 June 1648, 8 June 1664, 3 October 1665 [PCR 2:101, 105, 116, 125, 4:67, 105]. Commissioner for the Kennebec trade, 5 March 1655/6, 6 October 1659 [PCR 3:96, 171]. Committee on purchase of Indian lands, 14 May 1658 [PCR 3:146]. Council of War, 2 April 1667, 29 February 1675/6 [PCR 4:146, 5:186]. Petit jury, 7 June 1642, 6 June 1650 [PCR 7:31, 49]. Grand jury, 5 June 1644 [PCR 2:71].

Duxbury constable, 1 March 1641/2, 7 June 1642 [PCR 2:34, 40].

Yarmouth selectman, 6 March 1665/6, 5 June 1666, 5 June 1667, 3 June 1668, 7 June 1670, 5 June 1671, 5 June 1672, 3 June 1673, 3 June 1674, 1 June 1675, 7 June 1676, 5 June 1677, 3 June 1679, 1 June 1680, 7 June 1681, 6 June 1682, 6 June 1683, 2 June 1685 [PCR 4:117, 124, 150, 182, 5:35, 57, 92, 113, 143, 164, 195, 230, 6:10, 35, 59, 84, 108, 168]. Constable, 7 June 1659 [PCR 3:163, 173].

EDUCATION: Signed his will. His inventory included "a Bible and other books" valued at 10s. [BarnPR 1:83-85].

ESTATE: On 2 October 1637, "ten acres of upland are granted to Edmond Hawes, lying cross Greens Harbor Path" [PCR 1:66]. On 10 September 1641, "Edmond Hawes of Duxborrow" sold to "Robert Carver of the same, sawyer, ... all those his ten acres of upland lying cross Green's Harbor path" (annotated "This bargain is reversed by consent of both parties in June the 7th 1648") [PCR 12:75].

On 1 April 1639, "Edmond Howes, for upland & meadow," was in a list of "such as requested lands this Court" [PCR 1:120]. On 2 November 1640, "Edmond Hawes is granted thirty acres next Daniell Cole's lands, beyond the South River, with meadow land to it, if it be there to be had" [PCR 1:165]. On 8 June 1649, "Mr. Edmound Hawes of Yarmouth" sold to "Mr. Thomas Burne of Marshfeild a certain parcel of upland being in Marshfeild aforesaid lying on the north side of the South River estimated at about thirty acres" [PCR 12:174-75].

On 14 May 1648, as part of the resolution of land disputes at Yarmouth, "Mr. Hawes shall enjoy 8 acres of upland or thereabouts, in the West Field, which he bought of Goodman Chase," and "Robert Dennis shall enjoy 12 acres of land which he bought of Peeter Worden, and 10 acres of Mr. Hawes, and 7 acres of Mr. Hallott, and 4 acres there given him by the town" [PCR 2:128].

Granted a portion of "a certain tract of land at Mannamoiett" which had been purchased from the Indians, 7 June 1665 [PCR 4:96, 102].

In his will, dated 5 May 1692 and proved 20 July 1693, "Edmond Hawes of Yarmouth" bequeathed to "my grandson Joseph Hawes six acres of my land ... and also one-half of my island of sedge or creek thatch land which lies in the Lone Tree Creek ..., also one acre of my meadow where his father shall see cause to lay it forth to him"; to "my natural son John Hawes all my uplands & meadows and broken marshes or creek thatch land wheresoever within the township of Yarmouth or elsewhere"; to "my loving daughter Desire Hawes the wife of my said son John Hawes," moveables; to "my granddaughter Desire Hawes," moveables; to "my granddaughter Elizabeth Dogged one cow"; to "my granddaughter Mary Bacon one cow"; to "my grandson Jabez Hawes one cow"; to "my grandson John Hawes ... one two-year old and one young horse if his brother Edmond don't come again, but if Edmond his brother do come again I do give said young horse to him"; to "my grandson Ebenezer Hawes ... one yearling"; to "my two grandchildren Isaac and Benjamin ... to each of them one calf"; to "my grandchild Experience ... one sheep"; "the rest of my sheep my will is that my executor do divide them to my great-grandchildren in such proportions as he shall think fit"; to "John Hathaway of Yarmouth thirty shillings which he oweth to me by a bill I have of his hand"; "my well beloved son John Hawes to be sole executor" [BarnPR 1:83; MD 19:43-44; Edmond Hawes Gen 140-41]. A codicil of 31 March 1693 made an adjustment to the bequest to "my grandson Joseph Hawes" [BarnPR 1:84; MD 19:44; Edmond Hawes Gen 142].

The inventory of the estate of "Mr. Edmond Haws of Yarmouth ... deceased," taken 1 August 1693, totalled ?130 7s., of which ?100 was real estate: "house, lands and meadows," ?100 [BarnPR 1:85; MD 19:44; Edmond Hawes Gen 142-43].

BIRTH: Bp. Solihull, Warwickshire, 15 October 1612, son of Edmond Hawes [Edmond Hawes Gen 63].

DEATH: Yarmouth 9 June 1693, and buried the following day [YarVR 1:129].

MARRIAGE: By about 1636 _____ _____.


i JOHN HAWES, b. say 1636; m. Barnstable 7 October 1661 Desire Gorham [MD 5:72], daughter of John and Desire (Howland) Gorham and granddaughter of JOHN HOWLAND [GMB 2:1022; Howland Gen 1:13-14; MD ].

COMMENTS: Pope states that this immigrant was of "Plymouth, proprietor 2 Oct. 1637" [Pope 221]. The date is that of a grant of land "lying cross Greens Harbor Path" [PCR 1:66]. This piece of land lay on the north side of Duxbury, toward the area that would later become Marshfield. There is no evidence that Edmond Hawes resided in Plymouth, and, although he owned land in Marshfield, there is no evidence that he ever resided there either.

The last record for Edmond Hawes in Duxbury was dated 7 June 1642 [PCR 2:40], and the first record in Yarmouth was dated 3 March 1644/5 [PCR 2:80]. Interestingly, he does not appear in either town in the 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms. He may have been absent from Plymouth Colony during this period, or he may have been excused because of some disability. A third possibility is that his date of removal from one town to the other occurred very close to the time that the 1643 list was compiled, which may have led to his omission by both towns. With this in mind, we place his migration from Duxbury to Yarmouth in 1643.

On 7 August 1638, "Edmond Hawes, of Duxborrow, yeoman," posted bond as security for Thomas Boardman of Sandwich [PCR 1:94]. (Some sources have given the name of the wife of Edmond Hawes as Lucy, but this is based on a misreading of the above record, which shows that as the name of the wife of Thomas Boardman.)

On 7 June 1648, "Mr. Edmond Haws presenting a parcel of weights to the Court, to be the standard for the weights of Yarmouth, the Court do allow them so to be" [PCR 2:126].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1914 James Williams Hawes published a genealogy of this immigrant and his descendants, with extensive information on the English origin, including the apprenticeship in London, and with full transcripts of many important documents [Edmond Hawes of Yarmouth, Massachusetts, an Emigrant to America in 1635, His Ancestors ...] (cited above as Edmond Hawes Gen). 
HAWES, Edmund (I895)
144 Fron: The Great Migration Begins:

ORIGIN: Sutton, Bedfordshire
OCCUPATION: Ferryman. ("Ric[har]d Inkersoll" was allowed one penny for every person he ferried over the north river, 16 January 1636/7 [ STR 1:31].)
EDUCATION: Signed his will with a mark. The will also has the annotation, made by John Endicott, that "I read this will to Richard Ingersoll & he acknowledged it to be his will."
OFFICES: On 7 July 1644, ordered to "walk forth in the time of God's worship, to take notice of such as either lie about the meeting house without attending to the word or ordinances, or that lie at home or in the fields..." (apparently on the sixth Sunday following, paired with Robert Moulton, Jr.) [ STR 1:131].
ESTATE: In 1636 received eighty acres in Salem, but not in the freeman's land [ STR 1:20]. Granted one acre of marsh in Salem on 25 December 1637, with a household of nine [ STR 1:103].
He received two acres for a houselot 6 April 1635 and was reminded to allow room for a highway on his land [ STR 1:9]. With Edward Giles and Pasco Foot, Ingersoll was considered for land by the "frost fish brook" next to Goodman Barney, 10 April 1637 [ STR 1:44]. On 20 November 1639 Richard Ingersoll received ten acres of meadow in the great meadow at Salem, having already received twenty acres on 23 December 1638 [ STR 1:92, 94].
In his will, dated 21 July 1644 and proved 2 January 1644/5, Richard Ingersoll of Salem gave all to "Ann my wife," except to "George Ingersoll my son six acres lying in the great meadow," to "Nathaniel Ingersoll my youngest son a parcel of ground with a little frame thereon" (unless Nathaniel dies without issue, in which case the land should be divided equally among "John Ingersoll my son and Richard Pettingell and William Haines my sons-in-law"), to "Bathsheba my youngest daughter two cows", and to "my daughter Alice Walcott my house at town with 10 acres of upland & meadow after my wife's decease"; witnessed by Townsend Bishop [ NEHGR 9:157] (What appears to be a different version of this will refers to both Bathsheba and Alice as youngest daughter, which is clearly impossible [ EPR 1:43; EQC 1:76]. Without examining the originals of these documents we cannot tell whether the error was made by the seventeenth-century or the nineteenth-century copyist.)
The inventory, taken 4 October 1644 by Townsend Bishop and Jeffrey Massey, totalled ?213 19s., of which ?47 10s. 10d. was real estate: a farm, 80 acres, meadow, 20 acres, ?14 3s. 4d.; another farm, 75 acres, ?7; and 26 acres, 2 houses, 2 acres [and] a quarter of salt marsh, ?26 7s. 6d. [ EPR 1:458; EQC 1:76].
On 10 April 1668 Anne Knight deeded eighty acres at Royalside, bequeathed to her by her late husband "Richard Ingerson," to their sons "John and Nathaniel Ingerson" with the consent of her now husband John Knight Sr. of Newbury [ EQC 4:109].
BIRTH: Baptized 10 March 1587 at Sandy, Bedfordshire, son of George "Inkerstall" [ Abel Lunt Anc 63].
DEATH: Salem between 24 July 1644 (date of will) and 4 October 1644 (date of inventory).
MARRIAGE: Sandy, Bedfordshire, 10 October 1611 Agnes Langlye [Abel Lunt Anc 63]. Anne Ingersoll is included in the list of those admitted to Salem church before the end of 1636, with the annotation "removed" [ SChR 6]. She married (2) by 1652 John Knight of Newbury and was living at the time he made his will, 5 May 1670, in which he bequeathed to "my wife's grandchild Thomas Hains, ?10 to be paid after his time is out" [ EPR 2:191].
CHILDREN (baptisms for i-vi from Abel Lunt Anc 65-67):
i ALICE, bp. Sandy, Bedfordshire, 21 December 1612; m. by about 1634 William Walcott (in the Salem land grant of 25 December 1637 "Will[iam] Walcot" was credited with a household of four, which indicates a wife and perhaps two children by that date [ STR 1:103]), who seems to have become incompetent within a decade. (In December 1643 "Willia[m] Walcott's wife, children and estate" were entrusted to "Richard Inkersell, his father-in-law, to be disposed of `according to God; and the said William Wolcott to be and remain as his servant'" [ EQC 1:57]. This arrangement lasted less than a year, terminated at the death of Richard Ingersoll.)

ii JOHN, bp. Edworth, Bedfordshire, 1 October 1615 and bur. there 17 November 1615.

iii GEORGE, bp. Sutton, Bedfordshire, 2 July 1618; m. by 1646 Elizabeth _____ (eldest child b. Gloucester 16 October 1646).

iv JOHN, bp. Sutton, 11 March 1620[/1?]; m. by 1644 Judith Felton (eldest child b. Salem 12 September 1644; in his will of 20 November 1683 John Ingersoll names as an overseer "brother-in-law Nathaniel Felton" [ Abel Lunt Anc 67, citing EPR 302:57]).

v JOAN, bp. Sutton 3 March 1624[/5?]; m. by 1644 Richard Pettingill.

vi SARAH, bp. Sutton 1 July 1627; m. (1) by 1644 William Haynes; m. (2) Newbury 13 November 1651 Joseph Holton.

vii BATHSHEBA, b. Salem say 1629; m. Newbury [--] 16[--] John Knight (apparently by 1648, as eldest known child, son John, was b. Newbury 16 August 1648).

viii NATHANIEL, b. Salem about 1633 (deposed aged 40 years 30 June 1674 [ SJC #1503], deposed aged "45 years or thereabouts" 25 June 1678 [ EQC 49:15], deposed aged 60 years 25 December 1694 [ SJC #3212]); m. Salem 25 March 16__ (which must be 1669 or earlier [ TAG 27:130, citing ELR 7:57]) Hannah Collins.

COMMENTS: 28 May 1629 letter of instruction from Massachusetts Bay Company to John Endicott: "There is also one Richard Haward and Richard Inkersall, both Bedfordshire men, hired for the Company with their families, who we pray you may be well accommodated, not doubting but they will well and orderly demean themselves" [ MBCR 1:401; SLR 1:xvi].
In the 1636 Salem land grant, Richard Ingersoll appears in that portion of the list which included "non-freemen," which in Salem tells us clearly that he was not a member of the church. In the 1637 Salem land grant, Richard Ingersoll is shown with a family of nine. Seven of his children were living at that date, but his eldest daughter Alice was already married to William Walcott and would have been included in her husband's household. Thus, there may have been an additional child otherwise unrecorded, but this child in turn must have died before 1644; alternatively there may have been a more distant relative or a servant living with the Ingersolls that year. 
INGERSOLL, Richard (I1398)
145 ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/me/york/buxton/cemetery/highlandcem.txt CRESSEY, John Wadleigh (I554)
146 Hanna (Prence) Mayo was the widow of Nathaniel Mayo. PRENCE, Hannah (I580)
147 Hawes, John. b. 1635, ?Duxbury; d. 1701, Yarmouth. Yarmouth HR 1697, 98; treasurer 1695, 1700; ensign 1682, capt. 1700; M Desire Gorham (1644-1700) in 1661, 11 ch; farmer; will. Two slaves; one Indian boy. Died of the effects of an amputated leg. In the 1698 HR, he refused to take the qualifying oaths.

1914 Hawes g 145-55; 1990 Howland g 1:13-4 
HAWES, John (I475)
148 Henry Martin will, Washington Co., Jonesborough, TN

In the name of God Amen, I HENRY MARTIN of the county of Washington in the state of Tennessee being weak in body but sound in mind and memory and calling to mind the mortality of my body knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die. I do make ordain constitute and appoint the following and none other to be my last Will and Testament. Primarily and first of all I commit any soul into the hands of God who gave it and my body to the Earth to be buryed in a decent and christian like manner it the "diseration" of my Executors. And as to such worldly Estate wherewith it has pleased God to bless me I do devise ordain and dispose of in the manner and form following that is to say I allow my beloved wife CLOE MARTIN to have and continue in prosession of the land until the youngest child comes of age and then to be sold to the best advantage and the price of it to be equally divided among my wife and all the children and also that she keep in her hands or have at her disposal all the household furniture during her natural life and that my son RICHARD MARTIN have the horse that he "informally" calls his, and that my daugter BETTY JONES is to have one cow and calf "......" of their share of other property. And the balance of the stock together with the farming utensils are all to be exposed to publick sale and the price of them to be equally divided among my wife and all my children each of them an equal share and the shares of those that are under age to be put out on interest untill they come of age and then my Executors to pay such of them their several shares and the interest of their money to be appropriated to the use of schooling those of them who need of schooling- and as to what money there may be now in hand or debts that is coming to the Estate I allow that in the first place all my lawful debts be paid and if there be a surplus let it be equally divided and the same manner as the sale money above mentioned. And it is my will that my friend ABEL WILLY and my son JOHN MARTIN be sole Executors of this my last will and testament

And I do hereby revoke disallow and make void all former wills testaments or divises that might have heretofore been made by me and do ordain complete "ratise" and confirm this and one another to be my last will and testament. And in witness whereof I have here unto set my hand and "assisend" my seal this fifteenth day of September in the year of our Lord 1819
Henry and Chloe Boswell Martin came to Washington Co., TN from Maryland. CHLOE ANN BOSWELL was born 1767 in Port Tobacco Co., Maryland. CHLOE ANN BOSWELL MARTIN DEAKINS died 28 OCT 1850 in TN

MARTIN, Henry Smith (I709)
149 HENRY, Barnstable, one of the first set. had been of Plymouth a. 1629, and of Scituate in, 1633, there one of the found. of the ch. 8 Jan. 1635, of wh. he was that yr. chos. deac. was, prob. from Kent, by w. Patience, d. I presume, of deac. James Hurst, wh. was bur. 4 May 1648, had John, b. 7 June 1632; James, 14 Jan. 1635, both at P.; Mary, 24, bapt. 26 Mar. 1637; Hannah, bapt. 6 Oct. 1639; both at S. whence he rem. that yr. with Rev. John Lothrop; Patience, 15 Mar. 1642; Gershom, 10, bapt. 12 Jan. 1645; and Eleazer, 30 Mar. bapt. 2 Apr. 1648. As sec. w. he took, 12 Dec. 1649, Sarah, d. of Samuel Hinckley, had Mehitable, 1, bapt. 7 Sept. 1651, d. at 6 mos.; Samuel, b. 12 Oct. 1654; Sarah, 15 Jan. 1658, d. in few days; Jonathan, 10 Apr. 1660; Sarah, again, 10 Mar. 1663; Henry, 3 Sept. 1665; Mehitable, again, 15 Feb. 1667; and Experience, 11 Sept. 1671. He was rep. 1645, and six yrs. more, and d. 1679. Mary m. 15 Oct. 1657, Jonathan Dunham, as sec. w.; Hannah m. 9 May 1661, Edward Lewis; Patience m. Aug. 1667, Robert Parker; Sarah m. 27 Dec. 1686, Samuel Chipman, or Benjamin Hinkley, but wh. is uncert. for two Sarah, cous. were contempo. and one liv. to 8 Jan. 1742. COBB, Henry (I898)
150 HENRY, Lynn, freem. 14 Dec. 1639. He may have had w. Jane. GAINES, Henry (I1121)

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